Keyword, literately meaning they are the representative of the entire body of the certain knowledge to which they are related. Similarly, cultural keywords in a language are words which are significant in that language, and reflect the culture of the given language. (Wierzbicka 1997) This paper will focus on one of the Chinese keywords: “仁(ren)”, and argue the meaning and Chinese cultural perspective on “仁(ren)”. This is analysed in comparing the explanations and translations in related literature. Additionally, scholars agree with the fact that the interpretation of cultural keyword has become a major difficulty for outsiders to understand, because it has an inseparable association with given core culture. Cortazzi and Shen (2001) demonstrate that Chinese native speakers have more elaborate awareness of six Chinese keywords than the foreign language learners. It reveals a fact that cultural keywords are difficult for outsiders to learn because of its problematic explanation.
As an essential tool for publicizing culture, language, particularly some words or phrases are highly equivalent to the given culture. Therefore, translators have faced a problem which is shown as hard to find the equivalent word in the target language. To be more specific, the following paragraph will emphasize more examples about the deviate translation or could say untranslatable words or phrases between Chinese and English in general. The first example that is not translatable into English is a Chinese idiom “龙腾虎跃”. It is known that the Chinese character “龙”could be translated into “dragon”, however, the entire phrase could not be literally translated as “dragon rising and tigers leap...
... middle of paper ...
... It is clear that some part of the original meaning has absent.
To conclude, cultural keyword is a word which is a significant concept in that language, and could imply their peculiar culture. Besides, there might have deviant translations because the difference in traditional culture, social culture, ecological and geographical culture. This paper has discussed the Chinese keyword: “仁/ren”, which has revealed Chinese Confucianism culture and indicate a way for Chinese to deal with the interrelationship. As a result of these cultural differences, there have several deviant English translation versions. Thus, it is difficult for foreign learners to develop a deep understanding of the real cultural concept behind the“仁/ren”. In the future study, researchers should raise their awareness to reduce the embedded and overlapping meanings of the “仁/ren” as far as possible.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Chinese Christians in the US are a minority group which has been assimilated into the cultural diversity of America. This group depicts the integration of various groups into the American community and dominant way of life. This group has shown high levels of adaptation as shown by their operations in the US. Though the Chinese living in China were poorly informed on Christianity, they adopted Christian as their religion which differentiated from the others in China. Although group retained most of the Chinese identity or culture, their Christianity identity adopted in the US came out clearly making them important part of the American society.... [tags: Subcultures]
1900 words (5.4 pages)
- Where are Tampons in Chinese Market. A tampon is a feminine hygiene product that is cylindrical in shape made up of absorbent material. They are used by women and girls during their menstruation and are inserted in the user’s vagina. As compared to sanitary pads, tampons have been recognized as the oldest means used by women during their menstruation to absorb the menstrual blood. Among the first tampons to ever been patented is the Tampax that contains a tube-within-a-tube applicator. Tampons are designed and package in different colors and shapes.... [tags: feminine hygiene product]
2227 words (6.4 pages)
- ... Dynastic literature After the unification of chine back in 221 BC, the short lived unity saw the burning of thousands of writing s and literature material by the emperor to ensure that classical writings were not available for the public. This created a daunting task for the subsequent dynasty since it had to re-establish and reconstruct a fresh the texts and literature that were considered classics. The dynasties that followed saw the importance of documentation and clear preservation of any form of literature for posterity.... [tags: best preserved documents, history]
1670 words (4.8 pages)
- Introduction My dissertation is a translation and commentary of a Chinese novel with homosexual and cultural elements. By drawing readers’ attention to the foreign elements in source text (ST) and giving a realistic depiction of Chinese homosexuals in source context, I intend to introduce Chinese culture to readers and allow them to have a glimpse about the life of homosexuals in China to raise their understandings towards homosexual issues. Therefore, the focus of my translation will be the representation of a homosexual character and the depiction of Chinese culture in the book.... [tags: Chinese Novel, Homosexual, Cultural Elements]
1895 words (5.4 pages)
- In the course of the study of medicine from an anthropological perspective, there are several themes which are repeatedly encountered. These include the body and its representation, meaning and a person’s response to that meaning, and finally, the symbolic images which construct and shape both meaning and the bodily representation. Each of these themes are addressed throughout medical anthropological texts, and are connected to and build on each other in a variety of ways. The body is the site of medicine, because the body is the site of all cultural practices.... [tags: Health, Medical Anthropology]
1129 words (3.2 pages)
- Two significant impacts that the Chinese thought had on Buddhism Introduction Buddhism, which is a system of thought that originated in India, was transmitted to the rest of Asia including China by Central Asian traders as well as by the travelling Buddhist monks during the first century A.D. From China, it was also transmitted to Korea towards the fourth century, and then on to Japan by the sixth century A.D. According to history, the entry of Buddhism in China was most likely caused by the wide expansionist policies that were espoused by Chinese Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty that reigned during the period 140-87 B.C.... [tags: Buddhism, China, Zen, Mahayana]
1296 words (3.7 pages)
- Introduction With the rise of the number of culturally diverse students being served in classroom throughout the United States, there is a need for multicultural social studies education. This paper will define and explain the meaning and purpose of multicultural social studies education. This paper will also analyze the implications of the multicultural perspective for social studies instruction as they relate to the following themes: (a) Inclusiveness of perspectives in content; (b) Instructional materials; (c) Activities; (d) The teachers’ beliefs and actions; and (e) The role of the students’.... [tags: Education, culture]
1758 words (5 pages)
- The United States’ population is currently rising exponentially and with growth comes demographic shifts. Some of the demographics shifts include the population growth of Hispanics, increase in senior citizens especially minority elderly, increase in number of residents who do not speak English, increase in foreign-born residents, population trends of people from different sexual orientation, and trends of people with disabilities (Perez & Luquis, 2009). As a public health practitioner, the only way to effectively eliminate health disparities among Americans, one must explore and embrace the demographic shifts of the United States population because differences exist among ethnic groups (P... [tags: Demographic Shifts, Population Growth]
2402 words (6.9 pages)
- The Inside Perspective Of An Outsider I read everything I could find. I spoke with natives who were visiting the United States. I studied the language diligently. I scrutinized pictures, noting each detail. Nothing prepared me for that first long walk along a Beijing street. I smelled for the first time, the smells that were to become a familiar component of my three-month stay in The People's Republic of China. I made eye contact with people who had formerly just been captured still-lifes on a reference book's glossy page.... [tags: China Anthropology Study Abroad Essays]
1877 words (5.4 pages)
- “Our cultural diversity has most certainly shaped our national character,” affirmed Julie Bishop. From my perception, New York City is one of the most densely inhabited metropolitan collection of cultural diversity in the world in which structures our temperament. New York City applies an imperative influence upon trade, economics, mass communication, skill, style, and education. Frequently it is known that New York City is a crucial core for global politics and has been depicted as the ethnic headquarters of the globe.... [tags: melting pot of cultures]
1070 words (3.1 pages)
- Mesopotamia Vs. Egypt : Life, Death, And Social Standing
- The Six Modes Of Identification
- Analysis Of The Ten Florida Department Of Education 's Florida Principal Leadership Standards
- Asl Literate And The World
- Descriptive Narrative Essay : Perseverance And Competition
- Advertising And Its Effect On Society