From 1949 until his death in 1976, Mao Zedong transformed a country in poverty and chaos into a well-organised state with an educated populous, over which he maintained total control. 2 more intro sentences.
It is clear that Mao’s initial goal was to gain power in China, which is demonstrated by his determination to overthrow Chiang Kai-shek and the Kuomintang (KMT) via his idiosyncratic version of communist revolution. In order to do so, Mao utilised methods he deemed most suitable for the communists and, more broadly, Chinese society. For example, unlike his Marxist predecessors, Mao believed that peasants, not urban workers, were the key to rebellion in China. Subsequently, in 1926, he organised peasant unions in his hometown, Shaoshin. Later (1927 -28), Mao lead an army of peasant against the KMT, but was defeated, whereupon he established a base for the CCP in the south known as the ‘Jiangxi Soviet’. Mao developed unconventional guerrilla warfare tactics, which he implemented with great success against the KMT, contrary to the wishes of his fellow leaders. However, Mao was able to adapt, using conventional warfare tactics to finally defeat Chiang Kai-shek (1945 – 49). Due to his unorthodox Marxist beliefs, Mao endured criticism from the Communist Leadership, and was removed from his position in 1932. Despite this, he showed resilience, and subsequently regained control of the party during the long march (1934). Eventually defeating Chiang Kai-shek, in 1948-49. The defeat of the Nationalists was the culmination of Mao’s successful mobilisation of the people of China according to his unique methods.
Once Mao had attained power, it was necessary for him to replace the society of old with a tr...
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... tested its first nuclear weapon. This made China the fifth nuclear nation, and furthered the countries reputation as a major global power. Finally, in 1971, Communist China joined the United Nations and began diplomatic talks with the USA, securing the nations position as ….. By the time of his death, Mao had secured China’s place as a world power and ensured safety from any potential threats.
In conclusion, this paper has demonstrated that, despite some notable economic failures, Mao was mostly successful in achieving his aims. Through mobilisation of the people and, at times, ruthless suppression of those who did not share his ideals, Mao was able to fulfil the majority of the political and societal changes he considered would benefit his country. Chinese society was significantly transformed, and communist China was firmly established as a world power.
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