China 's One Child Policy Essays

China 's One Child Policy Essays

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China’s One Child Policy was officially implemented by The Communist Party in 1978 after Chairman Mao’s national policy encouraging Chinese people to have more Children. Mao’s policy resulted in a high birthrate of over four children per family. “Between 1949 and 1978 the population almost doubled, from 541.67 million to 962.59 million; total fertility averaged around six children per woman” (Howden, and Zhou 354). In fact, it was illogical for China to keep high birth rates that tend to be an enormous overhead. China was going through such a tough period, during which it was unable to feed its large population and to settle its surplus population. It is a proved fact that numerous Chinese people died of starvation in the 1960s, which was caused by the implementation of The Great Leap Forward that was an improper economic-planning policy of Mao. This man-made famine was reported to have killed 30 million Chinese people and warned Chinese politicians that China was not fully prepared for a massive population. To find a proper way to keep a large population at an acceptable level, “a coercive policy [The One Child Policy] was born that would impact the most intimate aspect of every Chinese citizen 's life--their family” (Basten, S., and Jiang 100).
The Chinese government considers that the reduced population of China would secure economic prosperity and would improve the living standard of Chinese people. It is widely believed as a success, even though the One Child Policy has influenced Chinese people’s life significantly, as well as a series of consequences toward political, gender, and social issues on a national scale. Additionally, China will be facing an enormous aging population that is defined as a decline in the proportio...


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...c instance of this is the increasing number of “bachelors” in the rural areas of China. There are a lot of unmarriageable Chinese men in the rural areas of China, which led to the “underground wife-smuggling trade from the poorest Chinese provinces and neighboring countries like Vietnam and Myanmar” (Larmer). “Polyandry is practiced in a few pockets of rural China” (Larmer). In some Chinese villages in the rural areas, two or three brothers will share one Yunnan wife if they do not have enough money to marry one respectively. As previously stated, there is a certain number of abandoned female babies and the shortage of brides in the Chinese rural areas. China has become hooked on an uneven pattern of population control, in which one child policy cures this decade’s excess population by increasing the next decade’s imbalance of the fertility rate of males and females.

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