Dressed in a formal black suit, a western businessman walked out of the Chinese custom with his suitcase rolling right by his side. He came to China to attend a series of meetings with the ultimate goal of signing a contract and wished to achieve the goals efficiently since he was on a tight schedule. For the next two days, the Chinese host took him to the golf course. Utterly confused, he regarded the golf meetings a complete waste of time. Furthermore, Business negotiations were not initiated until the third night after the group shared a Chinese banquet. While it could be confusing, or even irritating, it is, in fact, a tiny facet of the Chinese perplexing business etiquettes. The story was told by Susanne Fox, the author of the article “China’s Changing Culture and Etiquette” that discusses the misunderstandings western and Chinese integrated business(Fox).
The two most important components of the intricate system are the Chinese phrases “guanxi”(关系) and “mianzi”(面子). The phrase “guanxi” consists of two characters. Besides the definition of “relation”, the character "guan" means a gate or a barrier, and "xi" refers to a tie, a relationship, or a connection. So guanxi literally means "pass the gate and get connected" (Lee and Dawes, 2005). In China, if one has the right guanxi, there is little that cannot get accomplished, even if it is technically against the rules. On the other hand, if one does not have guanxi, one’s life is likely to be a series of long lines, tightly closed doors, and a maze of administrative and bureaucratic hassles (Seligman, 181). On the other hand, the phrase “mianzi” relates to western concept of the word “face” and is also valued based on the degree of...
... middle of paper ...
...ed by business meetings could feed 10 million people a year, and wasting has been such an epidemic that the president of China encouraged an online anti-food-waste campaign named “Operation Empty Plate” to promote ordering only necessary amount of food(Hatton). Yet, “face” influences Chinese business culture in even more unexpected ways.
More attention ought to be paid to the concept of “face” in order to eliminate the negative consequences by applying the ancient Chinese tradition appropriately. People have become used to and benefited from close networking with business, but when it comes to unnecessary waste and illegitimate corruption, people need to
Seligman, D. Scott. Chinese Business Etiquette: A Guide to Protocol, Manners, and Culture in the People 's Republic of China. New York: Warner Books, Inc. 1999.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Foods and Etiquette of the World Many cultures eat strange foods because that is what they can find or kill. There are many different foods in the world, and There are also many different acceptable ways of eating them. »Every food is unique and delicious in it own way.« ~ Hannah Grange The great United States of America has a litte bit of everything in it. In America the food is generally not as healthy as China's rice, but that depends on what you are eating. There are burgers and fries with a large Coke at almost every restaurant in the U.S.... [tags: burgers, overdressed, fork]
726 words (2.1 pages)
- ... I saw two men talked vivaciously outside the coffee shop and a college student passed by me with fast food in his hand. The bus stopped in front of me before I entered the nearest store. Someone, who gestured me to go through, held the door for me as an act of social niceties. As soon as I walked into the store, the sale associate greeted me with a big smile. Learning from bad experiences, I was always on my guard against store employees because it upsets me when they approach me with bland interaction.... [tags: Culture, Sociology, Anthropology, The Culture]
773 words (2.2 pages)
- Thailand country is situated in the South east of Asia. It is a country that is replete with scenic beauty and even beautiful culture. It has been several jungles, natural parks, verdant plains and beaches washed by crystal blue waters. History of this country is multifaceted, involving storming of different people, concern of different kingdoms, and interface of unrelated cultures and the regulation of several kinds. Thailand country is known for its important sacred temple, magnificent natural beauty and hospitality.... [tags: Weather, Culture, Etiquette]
882 words (2.5 pages)
- China has an area of 9.6 million square kilometers and a coastline of 18,000 kilometers (Network Center of MOFCOM, 2004). It has a population of 1,401,586,609 people as of 2015 (Worldometers, 2015). In China they tend to eat a lot of the same foods. Some of the local food consists of rice, noodles, fish, vegetables and meats (Parkinson, 2011). “China is described as a collectivist country because it “emphasizes the needs and goals of the group as a whole over the needs and wishes of each individual ().” “Upholding a stable and harmonious society has been viewed as the most important role of ethics (Werth, 2013).” China is a high context culture.... [tags: Cross-cultural communication, Culture, China]
1285 words (3.7 pages)
- Russia is notoriously known for their very stern and powerful behavior. Russians behave in a manor complete opposite of easterners for example. Russians rely on a very firm, almost bone crushing of a handshake while maintaining direct eye contact at all times. This customary type of handshake can almost make or break the trust between a Russian and a new found expatriate. The only difference with this handshake is when done so with women, the handshake is then less firm due to the different type of masculinity in women.... [tags: russians, russian culture, business meetings]
1537 words (4.4 pages)
- Introduction China’s unique consumer culture can be traced back to the turn of the twentieth century when it was closely related to and acted as an aid to nationalism. According to Gerth, Chinese consumption trends in the 1920s were directed by the slogan ‘Chinese should consume China made products’ (4). The motive behind this trend was to encourage the consumption of Chinese products, and nationalism was used to foster this belief and trend (Gerth 4). Consumption at this early age can be assumed to having been directed by the government, which used to regulate the goods which were consumed by its citizens.... [tags: China's New Consumers]
2711 words (7.7 pages)
- Understanding Global Cultures Argentina Argentina Introduction Argentina is an 8th largest country in the world. Cultural name of Argentina is Argentine and Argentinean. It is located in South America, with borders of Brazil, Bolivia, Chile, Paraguay and Uruguay. Capital of Argentina is Buenos Aires. Primarily, most of the Argentines are European descent, which separates them from other Latin American countries. In Argentina, 97% of population have Spanish and Italian. Spanish is local language and also used into government offices.... [tags: Argentina Culture Essays]
2572 words (7.3 pages)
- Superstitions and Etiquette in Puerto Rico Description of Topic Puerto Rico is the neighbor to the south of Florida. There is a growing population of Puerto Ricans in the United States. There is also a large United States interest in Puerto Rico. It is important to understand the culture of our neighbor should the United States wish to continue a positive relationship as well as globalization. Understanding the superstitions and the proper business etiquette in Puerto Rico can serve as a glimpse into the culture of the island.... [tags: Culture]
995 words (2.8 pages)
- Chinas Economy China has experienced major economic growth in the past forty years, but how did it develop into the economically powerful country that it is today. China has been through many difficulties and complications to get to the place it is at today. China’s government is called the People’s Republic of China and it operates on a socialist market economy. The culture of China is very diverse, it has fifty-six minority groups and many cultures have their own languages. However, the Chinese culture is trying to transition from traditional Chinese culture to a more modernized version of Chinese culture.... [tags: People's Republic of China, China, Deng Xiaoping]
1263 words (3.6 pages)
- I chose the United States and China as my two countries to study. I will start off the Psychological anthropology study of Chinese people. I will discuss their customs and beliefs from childhood to adulthood. I will then discuss the study of Americans and their customs and beliefs. I will discuss both Chinese and American traditions and the varies life cycles of both cultures. I will do this view from both the male and female aspects. I will then summarize in conclusion the differences and likes of the two groups.... [tags: Compare Contrast Culture China USA]
1280 words (3.7 pages)