China Cancer Villages: Annotated Bibliographies Essay

China Cancer Villages: Annotated Bibliographies Essay

Length: 1986 words (5.7 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Cao, Jie, et al. "Association Between Long-Term Exposure to Outdoor Air Pollution and Mortality in China: A Cohort Study." Journal of Hazardous Materials 186.2/3 (2011): 1594-1600. Academic Search Complete. Web. 12 Nov. 2013. Cao states that China’s air pollution is causing an increase in mortality, rates of hospital admissions, exacerbation of chronic respiratory conditions, and decreased lung function. A test was conducted comparing long-term exposure to outdoor air pollution and mortality in a countrywide representative cohort in China. A Random Clustering design picked 158,666 adults from China to participate in this study. There are no adequate monitoring stations in the rural areas of China; hence researchers limited their analysis to participants living in the urban areas. This left 70,947 subjects residing in 31 cities of 16 provinces. A medical history background was recorded for each subject to estimate their prior risk factor. Between 1999 and 2000 researchers were conducting in-depth interviews to obtain information on the history of disease, hospitalizations, and death. If a death had occurs a death certificate was obtained from the police along with all medical records. A total of 8319 subjects died during the follow up, among which 3013 died from cardiovascular disease, 921 from respiratory disease and 624 from lung cancer. “From 1991 to 2000, the annual concentrations declined 5% for TSP and 35% for SO2, but increased 28% for NOx, suggesting that air pollution pattern in Chinese cities had gradually changed from the conventional coal combustion type to the mixed coal combustion/motor vehicle emission type in the 1990s.” I will use Cao’s results as statistical prof that China’s air pollution is increasing the morali...

... middle of paper ...

... projected that in 2050 approximately 3.6 million people could end up dying prematurely from air pollution each year, most death being in China and India. The growth of China’s population is coming to a halt due to the rate of deaths from pollution becoming higher than the birth rate. Seventy four cities are now required to release data on levels of particulate matter 2.5 micrometers in diameter or smaller, which penetrate the body’s tissues. Chinese officials had been collecting the data but refusing to release it, until they came under pressure from Chinese who saw that the United States Embassy in Beijing was measuring the levels hourly and posting the data in a Twitter feed. This information will be useful to form main topic ideas and even as information in the body of my essay. It also has information to provide a comparison between China and the United States.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

China's Massive Pollution Problem Essay

- China has overtaken Germany as the world’s top exporter of goods, which marks another breakthrough in China’s rise to the top and its ever growing economic influence. As China’s exports rise to the highest in the world, its pollution is too. Judith Shapiro, the director of the Masters in Natural Resources and Sustainable Development for the School of International Service at American University, states that with “20 of the World’s 30 most polluted cities [residing] in China” it is an easy task to see the severity of pollution (Sharpiro)....   [tags: China´s Cancer Villages]

Better Essays
1666 words (4.8 pages)

Made in China Comes at a Price: Cancer Villages Essay

- ... There are many reason the laws remain unenforced, money being one, cutting corners on enforcement being another, so the pollution continues to worsen. The smog seen lurking over the streets of China is caused by the emissions of particle matter and these emissions contribute to the rising risks of cancer. Particulate matter is seen in the smog that blankets over China and is what causes the high rates of lung-cancer deaths. The World Health Organization agency said that, “air pollution caused 220,000 cancer deaths in 2010” and that “more than half of lung-cancer deaths from particulate matter were in East Asia” (qtd in Rauhala)....   [tags: pollution, health and environmental issues]

Better Essays
1788 words (5.1 pages)

What Makes Cancer A Cancer? Essay

- What Makes Cancer Cancer. That is a question that has been defined and redefined since it was discovered in ancient Egypt around the year 1500 B.C., at this time 8 cases described as lumps on the breast. (Learn the History of Cancer from Ancient Egypt to the Present). (n.d.). Later in history, around 400 B.C, the Greek philosopher Socrates coined the term Karakinos which happens to be the Greek term for crab. The characteristics of the cancer cells have their own features. These cells constantly signals for the itself to continually grow....   [tags: Cancer, Prostate cancer, Cancer staging]

Better Essays
1256 words (3.6 pages)

Cancer, Cancer And Treatment Of Cancer Essay

- “Since 1990, over 6 million Americans have died of cancer, more than the combined casualties from the Civil war, WWII, and the Vietnam and Korean conflicts combined” (Faguet, p. 5). According to American Cancer Society projections, there were 1,529,560 new cases of cancer in 2010. Cancer is becoming more and more common around the world. New cancers are constantly being discovered. Researchers are finding new ways to detect cancer and treat it so that the fatality rate does not rise. However, there are some cancers that researchers have not yet discovered a cure for....   [tags: Cancer, Breast cancer, Prostate cancer]

Better Essays
1297 words (3.7 pages)

Breast Cancer : Cancer And Cancer Essay

- About 12% of women in the United States will develop breast cancer in their lifetime, more than any other type of cancer (, 2015). Many people lack the knowledge of how breast cancer is developed. Some people think they will not get cancer because they do not smoke cigarettes, but this is not the only cause of cancer developing in the breast. Anyone can get cancer. Everyone is potentially at risk for developing some form of Cancer (American Cancer Society, 2015). Some risk factors cannot be changed such as age, race, and gender....   [tags: Cancer, Breast cancer, Cancer staging]

Better Essays
948 words (2.7 pages)

Cancer : Cancer And Cancer Essay

- Cancer affects everyone. Most people in the world know someone who had cancer, has cancer, or passed away because of cancer. Cancer is an abnormal growth of cells that divide quickly and spread throughout the body. It is a group of over 100 different diseases that can appear anywhere on the body. With the disease cancer arising to become the biggest disease known to mankind, scientists have come up with many notes about cancer such as the origin, forms, like lung cancer, the stages, and ways to prevent or treat lung cancer....   [tags: Lung cancer, Cancer, Cancer staging]

Better Essays
1653 words (4.7 pages)

Prostate Cancer : Cancer And Cancer Essay

- Prostate cancer has been the number one diagnosed cancer today. According to the World Health Organization, approximately one in every ten American men will develop prostate cancer during his lifespan. This cancer has been very common in the last few years. American Cancer Society reported over 200,000 new cases of prostate cancer. Huge number of population suffered severely. The prostate is significant for reproduction. It helps the substances that are involved in fertilization and transporting of sperm as well as survival....   [tags: Cancer, Prostate cancer]

Better Essays
1092 words (3.1 pages)

Breast Cancer : Cancer And Cancer Essay

- Breast cancer is cancer that forms in the cells of the breast of women and men. However, breast cancer affects women more than men. It is actually the most common cancer diagnosed in women in the United States (Huether & McCance, 2012). One out of every eight women will be affected by this disease (Huether &McCance, 2012). It kills more women in the United States than any other cancer except lung cancer (Huether &McCance, 2012). Breast cancer, as you are aware, is a very passionate topic for me....   [tags: Breast cancer, Cancer, Cancer staging, Oncology]

Better Essays
1780 words (5.1 pages)

Cervical Cancer Essay

- Cervical cancer malignant cancer of the cervix uteris or cervical area. It may present with vaginal bleeding but symptoms may be absent until the cancer is in its advanced stages, which has made cervical cancer the focus of intense screening efforts using the Pap smear. About 2.2 percent of women carry one of the 2 virus strains most likely to lead to cervical cancer. One of the symptoms of Cervical Cancer is very Unusual amount of discharge. Treatment consists of surgery in early stages and chemotherapy and radiotherapy in advanced stages of the disease....   [tags: HPV Cancer, Cervical Cancer]

Better Essays
1059 words (3 pages)

Cancer Essay

- 1. Prostate Cancer 1.1 Understanding the prostate The prostate is a gland part of the male reproductive system; it is located below the bladder and above the rectum surrounding all the way around the first portion of the urethra below the bladder. It helps in the production of the seminal fluid that helps carry the sperm during ejaculation. One of the most common prostate problem is benign prostate growth that, over time, can compress the urethra and cause difficulty to urinate. 1.2 Risk factors for prostate cancer No one knows exactly what causes the disease....   [tags: Cancer Research paper]

Free Essays
2879 words (8.2 pages)