Homosexuality is more accepted and integrated into today’s society than ever before. Same-sex marriages provoke debate in countries around the world. Same-sex couples facing with some legal issues when they decide to create a full family with children. In this case we start to talk about family in which children, who are surrounded with two same-sex parents, and the consequences and problems that may arise while of growing up. One of the biggest controversial debates is children’s development of gender identity in such families. It is important to try to understand as objectively as possible, what it means for a child to grow with two loving parents of the same-sex. It is possible to confirm that the sexual identities of children who grow up with same-sex parents develop in much the same ways as they do among children of heterosexual parents.
Special rules apply to gay and lesbian adoption in many states, even when a child is born into a gay or lesbian partnership. No matter how we treat homosexuals or same-sex couples, children living with parents of the same-sex have now become daily realities in the United States. However, in the past 10-15 years only several countries allow same-sex couples to adopt children, while most jurisdictions prohibit them from doing so. The United States was the first country in the word that allowed LG (stands for lesbian and gay) couples to adopt children in 1993, under certain circumstances. Although same-sex marriages were first made legal in the U.S. in Massachusetts in 2003, according to “Human Rights Watch”. In the article "How Queer!-The Development of Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation in LGBTQ-Headed Families" by Arlene...
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...ts. The current data were sufficient, to make any conclusions, regarding the effect of sexual identity on the child, because of varying gender, age, mental, social, cultural, and ethnic backgrounds of participants.
When public debate raises the question about the children in homosexual or same-sex couples, most often they discuses aspect of the situation - whether homosexual orientation affects the formation of adult sexual preferences of the child. As we see, psychologists, trough the researches, came to a negative answer. It is possible to have same-sex parents and, in the same time, give them a chance to be a family with kids, because it doesn’t matter if children grow up with heterosexual or homosexual parents. As long as the environment and other criteria’s will be as in the regular family, parents will not establish gender identity of the child at any time.
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