Children 's Development From Piaget And Vygotsky 's Theories

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According to Mary Helen Immordino-Yang (2001), an education revolution is forthcoming as scientists in current years have shown unparalleled progressive in their study of the brain and mind, and new knowledge about the brain is broadening the impact of cognitive neuroscience into teaching practices. One of the supportive evidence is that the Dynamic Systems Approach (DSA), which was put forward by Esther Thelen and Linda B. Smith (1994) has challenged the traditional theories which were presented by Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky. This essay will explain why education revolution is considered to happen, introduce the roles of emotion and memory in learning which is evident by neuroscience and the reasons why teachers and parents should evaluate these neuroscientific research findings and claims with a critical attitude before serving them as a basis for teaching. It is generally believed that before the most recent discoveries about the human brain and its development, educators are seeking answers of children’s development from the Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky’s theories. Piaget’s cognitive theory has emphasised that children’s cognitive development is through identifiable linear phrases or stages, while Vygotsky maintained the crucial role of cultural mediation in children’s cognitive development (Kim & Sankey, 2010). From the generally cognitive psychology perspective, nature and nurture are two major causes of development and the developmental process has been perceived as being linear, progressive and incremental, guided by some inner mechanism of design; by schemas or genetic blueprints composing as programs in the mind emphasis (Kim & Sankey, 2010). Although these theories are able to offer some explanation to children’s de... ... middle of paper ... ...eciation of children’s emotion and personality development is important for educators. The neuroscience knowledge of emotion and learning has allowed me to understand that what considerable changes that children are undergoing during childhood and adolescence and how it related to the learning process. As future teachers, we can learn that we should be aware of the effects of words, being conscious of choosing our words carefully in setting assessments and providing feedback to children. Both praise and criticise could have significant influence on children as their brains are experiencing rapid change and their personality are development. Therefore, educators could use positive energy to influence children and make good use of the effects of emotion to accompany children to pass through this period smoothly. In addition, it is suggested that text books should offer
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