Autism is not just one disorder; it is a spectrum of neurological disorders. There are five widely recognized pervasive disorders. They are classic autistic disorder, Asperger’s syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder, pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS), and Rett’s disorder. Signs of autism usually appear between ages of 18 months to 6 years, and are usually diagnosed by age 3. In the early days of autism, it was believed to be caused by uncaring and unresponsive mothers, or refrigerator mothers. Children with autism were believed to be psychotic, insensitive, or to have schizophrenia. The theories of Leo Kanner (one of the first to conduct research on autism), Hans Asperger, and Bruno Bettelheim among others were widely accepted by society. Many believed that if children with autism could not be “controlled,” they should be institutionalized. Today we know much more about autism, and that they do not belong in institutions, proving many of the early theories to be inaccurate but at th...
... middle of paper ...
... : National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS). N.p., n.d. Web. 04 May 2014.
“Data & Statistics.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 24 Mar. 2014. Web. 05 May 2014.
Freedman, Jeri. Autism. New York, NY: Rosen Pub., 2009. Print.
Grandin, Temple, and Sean Barron. The Unwritten Rules of Social Relationships. Arlington, TX: Future Horizons, 2005. Print.
Landau, Elaine. Autism. New York: Franklin Watts, 2001. Print.
"POV." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 05 May 2014.
Rodriguez, Ana Maria. Autism Spectrum Disorders. Minneapolis, MN: Twenty-First Century, 2011. Print.
“Social Skills and Autism.” Autism Speaks. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 May 2014.
Volkmar, Fred R., and David Pauls. "Autism." The Lancet 362.9390 (2003): 1133-41. ProQuest. Web. 6 May 2014.
"What Is Autism?" Autism Speaks. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 May 2014.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The Benefits of Inclusion Classroom Settings for Students with Autism Spectrum Disorders Today with the help of educators, policy makers, advocates, families, and communities, educational researchers have been able to establish various instructional and behavioral techniques. these different methods have been implemented to better the lives of children with disabilities particularly within the education system. Overtime, the public education system has ben transformed due to the interventions and practices advancing the institutions to new heights.... [tags: teaching students with special needs]
1344 words (3.8 pages)
- Autism Spectrum disorder is a mental condition that begins in early childhood. It is difficult for this person to communicate and build relationships. It is possible the person will feel aggression, have a tendency to be alone, have a speech disorder, have problems paying attention, and cause them to be unaware of emotions. This disorder could cause a person not to want to be around people because they are embarrassed, but the more time spent with others they will not be embarrassed any longer. Constant interaction will cause both communicators to become more comfortable with one another.... [tags: Autism, Autism spectrum, Education]
815 words (2.3 pages)
- Introduction Autism Spectrum Disorder is a diagnosis in which it is important to begin treatment as early in life as possible. While there are several different possible interventions, there are some more effective interventions than others. It is important for children to receive effective interventions as soon as the disorder is diagnosed. This will help children have a more successful future and learn appropriate behaviors in multiple different settings. Children receive more benefits from the intervention if their parents, guardians, or caregivers are involved.... [tags: Autism, Autism spectrum]
1295 words (3.7 pages)
- Sitting off to the side is a child, he or she does not interact with his or her peers and has little to no communication skills. This is the typical social interaction of a child with autism spectrum disorder. According to Owens, Farinella, and Metz (2015), autism “is an impairment in reciprocal social interaction with a severely limited behavior, interest, and activity repertoire that has its onset before 30 months of age” (p. 384). Autism is a complicated disorder, and in order to understand children with autism, people must know the causes, prevalence, characteristics, and its affect on language, speech, family, social life, and education.... [tags: Autism, Autism spectrum, Communication, Sociology]
1208 words (3.5 pages)
- Living with Asperger’s Imagine not being able to talk yet knowing exactly what you want to say, but not being able to get the words out. So you just scream. This is a daily, if not hourly event, in the life of a person living with Asperger’s Syndrome. This Pervasive Developmental Disorder is characterized by an inability to easily communicate and interact with others (“NINDS” 1). In the autobiography, Look Me In The Eye by John Elder Robison, we learn what a hindrance it is to live with Asperger’s Syndrome (AS) and how individuals diagnosed with AS like John Elder Robison overcome these frustrations and learn to live “normal” lives as described by society.... [tags: John Elder Robinson, austism]
1192 words (3.4 pages)
- Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) ASD, otherwise known as Autism Spectrum Disorder is a general term for a group of complex disorders of brain development. The word term in this disorder refers to the wide range of symptoms that children with this disorder have. It also refers to the different levels of impairment or disability that are shown. Children with ASD have many different levels of impairment ranging from mild to severe impairment. It is said that of all children with special needs, that those who are diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder is the most troubling.... [tags: Autism, Autism spectrum, Genetic disorder]
1210 words (3.5 pages)
- School based speech-language pathologists have many responsibilities in addition to delivering speech-language services to students who have communication impairments. School SLPs often serve large populations of students, including those who belong to specific populations and have a communication problem. Children with autism represent one of these populations that require the services of a school speech-language pathologist. When delivering services to children with autism spectrum disorders, there are a number of responsibilities the SLP must fulfill to assist these children.... [tags: Autism, Autism spectrum, Asperger syndrome]
1318 words (3.8 pages)
- This paper will review five studies concerning the behavior and development of children with Autism Spectrum Disorders. The studies investigate how autism effects communication, socialization, cognitive development, and a number of other areas. Researchers use many different types of scales to measure and compare the difference between children with ASD and typically developing children. Methodology Study 1 Morgan, Lindee, Wetherby, Amy M., Barber, Angie (2008) Repetitive and stereotyped movements in children with autism spectrum disorders late in the second year of life In this study there were three groups of children between 18 and 24 months of age participated.... [tags: Autism Spectrum Disorders]
2145 words (6.1 pages)
- Very young children under three years of age diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have some deficiencies in the social-emotional domain and the communication domain along with often displaying non-compliant behavior. These types of deficiencies can cause many challenges for parents of young children with ASD, which can often lead to an increase in stress for the families. The importance of early intervention (services for children zero-three years) and early childhood education programs (services for those three-five years) for young children with ASD has been well documented in the literature.... [tags: Autism, Autism spectrum, Reliability, PDD-NOS]
1145 words (3.3 pages)
- One out of every sixty- eight children are diagnosed with autistic spectrum disorder each year. Autistic spectrum disorder (also known as ASD) is a serious disorder that impairs a child’s ability to properly communicate and/ or interact with others. Researchers today have been able to determine that ASD now includes disorders that were once thought to have no relation. Over the years the number of children diagnosed has steadily increased, causing alarm about what could possibly be causing the numbers to rise.... [tags: Autism, Autism spectrum]
1907 words (5.4 pages)