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Essay Childhood Sexual Abuse

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Childhood sexual abuse, as defined by the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA, 1996), includes using persuasion, enticement, and other inducements to coerce a child to engage in sexually explicit conduct or simulation of sexual acts. Survivors of sexual abuse frequently have a legacy of both psychological and physical problem throughout life. There has been considerable literature published in the past 20 years focusing on the long-term consequences of childhood sexual abuse.
Survivors cannot be stereotyped. Some transcend the experience and become outspoken advocates for societal change (Steed,1995). Others adopt risky life styles such as prostitution, promiscuity, and substance abuse. Recovery is possible (Steed 1995; Wilson,2009).
Transcendence through the experience involves telling the secret and being supported. The therapeutic process is about opening to and remembering the truth, understanding the imprint of the sexual trauma, and discovering meaning in the experience (Parse, 1998; Steed, 1995).
A strong incidence of long-term psychological problems exists for survivors of childhood sexual abuse. George (1996) found that adults who had experienced childhood sexual abuse were twice as likely to suffer from mental health disorder when compared to their counterparts who were nor abuse.







Zlotnick, Mattia, Zimmerman (2001) found that patients with a history of childhood sexual abuses are at higher risk for psychiatric morbidity and prolonged depression. The study was conducted using 235 patients at a psychiatric outpatient facility with an range of 18-65 with a mean age of 47.4 years.
A history of sexual abuse increases the risk of eating disorders. Higher rates of eating disorders are found ...


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...al abuse either as children or adult were found to have worse health outcomes than women who were not abuse, but the contribution of co-occurring child and adult abuse could not be examined.
Women who experienced both child abuse and adult IPV and women who experienced adult IPV only were more likely to report chronic physical symptoms compared to women who had not experienced any violence.
Conclusion
I believe that it is very important that psychologists and psychiatrists start looking into a long term therapy for depression in children as opposed to choppy short term therapies that might prove to be less effective than those with a more longitudinal effect.
In my opinion, I was very interested in the studies relating to the health consequences of childhood sexual abuse and how it was affected by each disorder.




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