Childhood Onset Schizophrenia And Schizophrenia Essays

Childhood Onset Schizophrenia And Schizophrenia Essays

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Since childhood-onset schizophrenia (COS) has a much lower prevalence than adult-onset schizophrenia, the amount of valid studies completed solely on COS is rather small. But, COS is still characterizing the same disorder as adult-onset schizophrenia, it is just diagnosed at a younger age. As mentioned previously, childhood-onset schizophrenia is when a child meets all of the diagnostic criteria for schizophrenia prior to the age of thirteen. The lower age requirement needed to get a diagnosis of COS results in the disorder only having a prevalence of 1 in 40,000 versus the “4.6 per 1,000” with schizophrenia in general (Saha). The large difference between the amount of people with schizophrenia in general versus COS is understandable due to the age limit on the COS diagnosis and how in both genders schizophrenia symptoms typically start in the no earlier than when a person is in their twenties (Mayo). So, the lack of people diagnosed with childhood-onset schizophrenia gives some insight as to why there are so fewer studies completed on COS alone, but studies on schizophrenia in general, do give an idea on what studies for COS alone might conclude.
One study merely on COS by Danielle Rudd can give an understanding of how childhood-onset schizophrenia alone would fall on the nature-versus-nurture scale, because, while general schizophrenia studies provide a basic idea on where COS is in relation, there is nothing like a study exclusively on COS to prove where the disorder falls on the nature-versus-nurture scale. In Rudd’s study she includes how the vulnerability for schizophrenia is largely determined by genetic factors and COS is no different and conforms to this pattern (Rudd). Also, when studying the environment in COS cases ...

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.... Stories like that of the Schofield family who have 2 children, an 11-year-old daughter diagnosed with COS and a 6-year-old son who is starting to show the warning signs of schizophrenia, would be even fewer if new genetic-based treatment options become available (James). A world with minimal childhood-onset schizophrenic could be on the horizon due to the findings in regard to the development of the disorder. Although the disorder is very rare with only 1 in 40,000 children affected, these children could now live in a world full of fun and friends as opposed to horror and hallucinations. A treatment for childhood-onset schizophrenia that starts with just determining that the disorder has significantly more genetic causes than environmental causes could lead to lives being turned around for the better and afflicted children being able to final have a regular youth.

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