Childhood Obesity And Its Effects On The Obesity Epidemic Essay

Childhood Obesity And Its Effects On The Obesity Epidemic Essay

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In the past fifty years, childhood obesity has shown an upwards trend in both developed and developing countries. Childhood obesity refers to the unhealthy overweightness of a child due to excess fat. Being obese is different from being overweight though; obese indicates an unhealthy excess of fat, and overweight indicates an excess in weight for what is considered normal which is not exclusively associated with fat. Childhood obesity is a serious medical condition that can affect the physical and emotional health of individuals in both the adolescent and adult years. The development of obesity is attributed to multiple causes, thus making the treatment of the obesity epidemic more difficult. Prevention is the key strategy for lessening the obesity epidemic, and understanding how adolescents and obesity are related can help in the formation of policies and tactics to prevent obesity.
There are many different tests used to determine and assess obesity and some include multi-frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA), densitometry, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), skin-fold thickness, BMI, and waist circumference. BIA, densitometry, and MRI testing are generally used in research settings; the latter three are more used in clinical settings, and although they are not as accurate, they are adequate for identifying risk. Furthermore, the definition and numerical quantification of obesity can differ from person to person, and from institution to institution, but no matter what the differences in definitions are, obesity is still a problem.
Within the past thirty years, childhood obesity has more than quadrupled in adolescents, and in 2012, approximately one third of children and adolescents were overweight or obese (Carroll et a...


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...intake and increasing physical activity. Additionally, increasing dairy intake by about two servings per day could reduce the risk of overweight by up to 70% (Akhtar-Danesh et al. 2005). Akhtar-Danesh et al. also points out that children should come first in obesity prevention as they are the ones where prevention measures can be most successful.
In conclusion, the increasing childhood obesity trend is a serious problem that needs attention. Although bioarchaeological records do not record childhood obesity, modern trends show that obesity is on the rise and is affecting people many different backgrounds, ages, and socioeconomic statuses. Obesity leads to many negative outcomes, some of which are very harmful. Albeit all the causes of obesity are not completely known, the ones that are offer great insight into how to decrease rates of obesity and how to prevent it.

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