There are many different tests used to determine and assess obesity and some include multi-frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA), densitometry, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), skin-fold thickness, BMI, and waist circumference. BIA, densitometry, and MRI testing are generally used in research settings; the latter three are more used in clinical settings, and although they are not as accurate, they are adequate for identifying risk. Furthermore, the definition and numerical quantification of obesity can differ from person to person, and from institution to institution, but no matter what the differences in definitions are, obesity is still a problem.
Within the past thirty years, childhood obesity has more than quadrupled in adolescents, and in 2012, approximately one third of children and adolescents were overweight or obese (Carroll et a...
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...intake and increasing physical activity. Additionally, increasing dairy intake by about two servings per day could reduce the risk of overweight by up to 70% (Akhtar-Danesh et al. 2005). Akhtar-Danesh et al. also points out that children should come first in obesity prevention as they are the ones where prevention measures can be most successful.
In conclusion, the increasing childhood obesity trend is a serious problem that needs attention. Although bioarchaeological records do not record childhood obesity, modern trends show that obesity is on the rise and is affecting people many different backgrounds, ages, and socioeconomic statuses. Obesity leads to many negative outcomes, some of which are very harmful. Albeit all the causes of obesity are not completely known, the ones that are offer great insight into how to decrease rates of obesity and how to prevent it.
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