Health care policies are put into place regarding childhood immunization requirements for schools along with information on obtaining religious exemptions. Each state and/or country develops their own individualized guidelines through interactions from federal and state government agencies. The development and implementation of immunization recommendations for infants, children, adolescents, and adults are crucial in maintaining adequate immunization rates and safety in schools (Smith, Snyder, Pickering).
Federally funded immunization programs work with health departments, education departments, school nurses, or other school personnel to assess the vaccination and exemption status of children enrolled in public and private kindergartens (seither, Calhoun). Childhood immunizations are an important component in preventing disease among school age children and that is why there is a health care policy in each state that mandates what vaccines must be completed in order for a child to attend school.
All school requirement laws are state-based and u...
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...ot have the needed tools to provide proper medical care, the morbidity rates increase. Surveillance and prompt disease reporting helps in preventing infectious disease outbreaks that can spread to other countries throughout the world.
The questions in these disputes are whether a state must accommodate religion by permitting a religious exemption under the free exercise clause of the First Amendment, how stringently the state may define what qualifies as religious belief or membership, and whether the differential treatment of religious people, as opposed to anyone else seeking an exemption, is permissible. Lawsuits by parents have tested religious exemptions in many jurisdictions, generating different court opinions on whether the state can require a certain level of demonstrated sincerity of religious belief or membership in a recognized religious order (Frick).
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