Childhood Abuse and Neglect and Posttraumatic Stress Syndrome Essay

Childhood Abuse and Neglect and Posttraumatic Stress Syndrome Essay

Length: 3830 words (10.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Research Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

Introduction
This study briefly reviews complex trauma and discusses how it manifests in adolescents with a history of childhood abuse and neglect. A history of childhood abuse and neglect often leads to long-term emotional, behavioral and physical dysregulation that do not always fit the American Psychiatric Association Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR) diagnostic criteria for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). This has led to the proposal of a separate but related diagnosis termed Developmental Trauma Disorder (Cook, Blaustein, Spinazzola & van der Kolk, 2003; van der Kolk, 2005; Najjar, Weller, Weisbrot & Weller, 2008). This diagnosis is based on an assessment of the literature on complex trauma and its long-term mental and physical health consequences. In this study, we will review the following: 1) the scope of complex trauma in terms of its general impact on individuals and society; 2) a description of the phenomenology of complex trauma; 3) the developmental impact of complex trauma on adolescents; and 4) the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of complex trauma in adolescents.
Complex trauma refers to both the exposures and the developmental impact of long-term exposure to traumatic events during childhood and adolescence. Traumatic exposures are commonly of an interpersonal nature, including childhood physical, sexual, and emotional abuse and neglect. Traumatic exposures can also include repeated surgical procedures, chemotherapy or other adverse events during childhood. Complex trauma has a significant developmental impact across the life-span.
In a large epidemiological survey, the Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) study, of more than 17,000 adults from the general popula...


... middle of paper ...


...icine, 14, 245-258.
Gabowitz, D., Zucker, M., & Cook, A. (2008) Neuropsychological assessment in clinical
Evaluation of children and adolescents with complex trauma. Journal of Child and
Adolescent Trauma, 1, 163-178.
Najjar, F., Weller, R.A. Weisbrot, J., & Weller, E. B. (2008). Post-traumatic stress disorder
its treatment in children and adolescents. Current Psychiatry Reports, 40, 104-108.
Perrin, S., Smith, P., & Yule, W. (2000). Practitioner Review: The assessment and treatment of
post-traumatic stress disorder in children and adolescents. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 41, 227-280.
Van der Kolk, B. A. (2005). Developmental trauma disorder. Psychiatric Times, 35, 401-408.
Weiss, D., S. (2004). The Impact of Events Scale – Revised. In J. P. Wilson, & T. M. Keane (Eds.), Assessing Psychological Trauma and PTSD. New York: Guilford.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Effects of Child Abuse Essay example

- ... This is due to the brain going into an arousal state. • Fatal or severe head traumas are a result of abuse. Visual, motor and cognitive impairments are some of the nonfatal consequences of abusive head trauma. • As abused children grow older, there is an increased risk for adverse health effects they may experience. Obesity, high blood pressure and cholesterol, cancer, stroke, and heart, lung and liver diseases are some of the chronic diseases associated with abuse (Child Maltreatment: Consequences, 2014)....   [tags: depression, alcohol and substance abuse]

Research Papers
1059 words (3 pages)

Developing A Child Sexual Abuse Treatment Program Essay examples

- The purpose of this study is to develop a child sexual abuse treatment program is to create awareness among overall community members towards child rights protection and child safety. It plans to implement this program in the schools of the county of Florida; Okeechobee. Introduction Child abuse is the biggest curse for any society. It has become a major issue for discussion due to its seriousness and brutality. Through research it has been found that one out of ten children has the probability to get abused before the age of 18 years....   [tags: depression, substance abuse]

Research Papers
1424 words (4.1 pages)

Shanken Baby Syndrome Essay

- Shaken Baby Syndrome Brandy Gangwer Human Development 1 Lisa Bergquist Thursday 6pm Shaken Baby Syndrome My childhood disorder is Shaken Baby Syndrome.” Abusive head trauma/inflicted traumatic brain injury — also called shaken baby/shaken impact syndrome (or SBS) — are a form of inflicted head trauma “ (Foundation, 1995-2014). Over 300 babies a year die from being shaken in the United States per the National Center on Shaken Baby Syndrome. Those are only the ones that are reported, they say that the numbers are much higher (The National Center on Shaken Baby Syndrome, 1990)....   [tags: child abuse, health]

Research Papers
2043 words (5.8 pages)

Essay on Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

- Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can be a very serious and debilitating condition that occurs after a person has been exposed to a terrifying event or ordeal in which grave physical danger happened or was threatened. The kinds of traumatic events triggering PTSD in people include violent personal assaults (rape, mugging), natural disasters (hurricanes, tornadoes), man-made disasters (bombings), accidents or military combat. People who suffer from PTSD often relive the experience through nightmares and flashbacks, have difficulty sleeping, and feel detached or estranged, and these symptoms can be severe enough and last long enough to significantly impair a p...   [tags: Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD]

Research Papers
1272 words (3.6 pages)

Essay on Exploring the Disorder, Tourette Syndrome

- Tourette syndrome is a neurological disorder first described by a French physician named Georges Gilles de la Tourette, in 1885. Tourette syndrome (TS) consists of varies abrupt, rapid, involuntary, and repeated movements or vocal sounds, known as tics. “Until 1970, TS was frequently misdiagnosed as schizophrenia, obsessive-compulsive disorder, epilepsy, or nervous habits,” concluding that this mental disorder is extremely rare and has similar characteristics as other mental disorders (Kahn and Fawcett 375)....   [tags: medical, health]

Research Papers
663 words (1.9 pages)

Essay Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

- Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) are identified as a category of birth disorders caused by prenatal alcohol exposure. These can include physical or intellectual anomalies, such as cardiac, skeletal, visual, aural, and fine or gross motor problems. (Callanan, 2013) Prevention would involve alcohol use prevention programs for women who are pregnant, and treatment for FAS and FASD would be aimed at helping those affected realize their full potential through both family and individual interventions....   [tags: birth disorders, prenatal alcohol exposure]

Research Papers
1987 words (5.7 pages)

The Causes of Substance Abuse Essay

- Substance abuse is an issue that has disseminated in the society and is often regarded as the relic of a thoughtless materialism. A false belief regarding addicted individuals seems to be ingrained in the minds of the majority of the population (Sadava, 1987). This belief is very often accompanied by appalling mental images of addicts and a highly judgmental attitude (Sadava, 1987). As a result, the causes of addiction are still wrapped in obscurity. This paper aims to outline the most basic reasons that lead to substance abuse and dependency, from the early developmental stage until late adolescence....   [tags: Drug Addiction Essays]

Research Papers
2377 words (6.8 pages)

Essay about Sexual Abuse on Women

- Sexual abuse, also known as sexual assault, is any sort of sexual activity that one doesn’t agree to which includes, inappropriate touching, vaginal, anal, or oral penetration, sexual intercourse that one says no to, rape, attempted rape, as well as child molestation. Sexual abuse is usually verbal or visual. It can also be anything that forces a person to be in unwanted sexual contact. There are many examples of sexual abuse like voyeurism, exhibitionism, incest, and sexual harassment. Voyeurism means when a person has sexual interest in people that are engaged in private intimate behaviors....   [tags: Sex Crimes]

Research Papers
1237 words (3.5 pages)

Child Abuse: Routine Activities Theory Essays

- Physical abuse, the act when someone intentionally damages another party involving contact envisioned to cause feelings of physical discomfort, objection, or other physical distress and bodily harm ("Child Physical Abuse"). Physical maltreatment occurred among animals, too. In most cases, physical abused offenders tend to be the victims of the same physical misuse, but adults can be victims as well without the same effect. Physically abused children be prone to the risk of later interpersonal problems (of or relating to relationships or communication between people) involving aggressive behavior, and adolescents are at a greater risk for substance mishandling ("Long-term physical and mental...   [tags: long term consequences, types of abusers]

Research Papers
591 words (1.7 pages)

The Impact of Child Abuse and Neglect the First Three Years of Life Essay

- The impact of child abuse and neglect on the first three years of life From birth to the age of three, there is immense growth in all areas of a child’s development. The various experiences a child encounters impact on these areas of development to a very large extent. When experiences are predominantly negative, children may develop various developmental problems that persist throughout their lives. A growing body of evidence indicates that child abuse and neglect can alter the process of the social, emotional, and intellectual growth of a child (Egeland & Sroufe, 1981; Hildyard & Wolfe, 2002)....   [tags: infant maltreatment]

Research Papers
1660 words (4.7 pages)