Child Poverty Presentation

Child Poverty Presentation

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Slide 1- what is child poverty: When you hear the term child poverty what comes to mind? ( first ask the audiences opinion, then state my own opinion) Child poverty denies children with the basic needs to survive, expand and flourish, it also deprives children from having equal opportunities such as attending school, having a roof over their head or having a warm meal to eat. Children that unfortunately face poverty have a higher chance of being abused, discriminated or exploited due to their poor living circumstances. "Poverty shows a strong association with child maltreatment, particularly neglected. The NIS-3 study, for example found that children from families with an annual incomes below $15000 in 1993 were 22 times more likely to be harmed by child abuse compare to a families with an annual income above $30000." [1] ( Once I am finished explaining I will play the introduction video to child poverty)

Slide 2: Throughout the presentation the major international treaty related to child poverty, I will be addressing is The Conventions on the Right of the Child. Does anyone know anything about this treaty? The Conventions on the Right of the Child is a very important treaty as it was the first legally binding treaty, adopted in 1989 but came into force in 1990, which covers human rights specifically for individuals under the age of 18. [2] According to the treaty all countries must insure that their citizens under the age of 18 have "easy access to human right acts such as civil, cultural, economic, political and social rights." [2] ( Play the video on the treaty)

Slide 3: So we know will take a look at the inquire questions, if you take a look on the handout they are listed there with a blank space underneath, for your brainstorming ideas. So first I will give you a minute to brainstorm any ideas and then we will take it up as a group.

Inquire Questions:

Slide 4: Why does poverty still exist in the 21 century?
There are several reasons to why poverty exists in the 21st century for instance "In most nations today, inequality—the gap between the rich and the poor—is quite high and often widening." [3] The large gap seen within in the rich and poor communities plays a large role for causing poverty because some are lavished with everything while others have nothing, which is unfair.

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The status of the rich and poor also plays a major factor as it is passed on from generation to generation meaning that if you are born into a poorer society you will mostly stay there because climbing the economic ladder is difficult. This is especially seen within developing countries, because in order to be successful you need to obtain an education and if you cannot afford one an individual's options are limited. The lack of education and limited work skills will keep the cycle of poverty going. Another reason poverty may still exist is because governments would rather spend funding on other causes such as the military, cause cutbacks in health, education and other social services causing poverty. Anup Shah said "The amount the world spends on military, financial bailouts and other areas that benefit the wealthy, compared to the amount spent to address the daily crisis of poverty and related problems are often staggering." [3] Once again stating that the governments are not funding social services to help citizens, but rather 'financial services' to help themselves. A statistic stated that if " less than one per cent of what the world spent every year on weapons was needed to put every child into school by the year 2000 and yet it didn’t happen.[3] Therefore there are many factors that contribute to poverty, which could be altered to prevent poverty.

Slide 5: In Canada there are many children facing poverty, so why is it that Canada sends its revenues to other countries rather than using it to help Canadian children?

Though there are children in Canada who are unfortunately facing poverty Canada, in "2012 Canada spent 5.7 billion dollars on foreign aid" [4] as they have a moral obligation to help those in extreme poverty in poor countries. For instance Bangladesh, a very poor country that is vulnerable to natural disasters. "Canada’s program is aligned with Bangladesh’s Sixth Five Year Plan that focuses on accelerating growth and reducing poverty for 2011-2015." [5] Canada gives aid to countries like Bangladesh because people in that country do not have access to adequate health care, education and opportunities to those citizens in Canada. In Canada, we do have support systems such as welfare, child benefits, food banks, charities to combat poverty in children. As well poverty in countries like Bangladesh affects millions and in Canada it may only affect a few hundred. In Canada, we have shelters to help with the homeless where in Bangladesh millions don’t have access to clean water when a natural disaster strikes.

slide 6: In a nation what economic and social impacts lead to having a high level of child poverty?
"In 2009 approximately 75 million children in the world were in not school." [6] Many children did not have the opportunity to attend school because their governments did not have adequate funding for universal education or their families rely on their children’s income for basic necessities. Children not in school limit themselves to future opportunities and those in their community. Laws such as child labour are often not enforced or include exemptions. For example a "child is prohibited to work in industrial but excludes agricultural or domestic work."[6]

slide 7 How does child poverty lead to a society with child soldiers?
Children that face poverty are deprived from basic needs to survive, develop and thrive, they are also seen to be vulnerable to exploitation, abuse, and violence; due to their poor circumstances. Children facing poverty would be an easy target to recruit as child soldier as they can be easily manipulated and are seen to have no moral compass. ( This could be seen within the movie 24 redemption/ discuss the movie with the group/ ask: How could you connect child poverty and child soldiers use examples from the movie) For children who are not kidnapped and decide to join the 'army' may do so because it provides away for them to avoid poverty. For instance the children may have been "orphaned and joining the military, provides a second family, it could provide a way for them to seek shelter and food or in some cases poverty can even drive parents to offer their own children to the war in order for a few extra dollars" [7]. If we can stop child poverty, we can also have the power to prevent child soldiers, which would allow children to have a memorable childhood and not one where they are tortured and forced to kill because of the unfortunate environment they grew up in. ( Ask group: if you were in a situation where you had nothing no food or water, would you ever sell your child to the army or to do labour jobs?)
Connection to law: The Conventions on the Right of the Child has tried to "prevent child solider by making 18 the legal age to join and participate in the war voluntarily." [8] Before 2002 the age to join the war was 16 and older, but was later change because one is not an adult until the age of 18. Though this included in the treaty many third world nations, who have signed are facing issues with child soldiers because they have large groups of rebels who are training the children and fighting against the government for power, which could be seen within the movie 24 redemption.

5. Does poverty have a greater affect on boys or girls? Does it depend on where they live?

Poverty in developed countries does not seem to have a greater affect on genders as it does in developing countries. In developing countries poverty seems to have a greater affect on girls because they are not given as many rights as boys are, such as the privilege to go to school to obtain an education. Rather the social norm for girls in these countries is to live a domestic lifestyle by getting marry and have children at a young age. The younger they get married, the more children they will produce. For example "in sub-Saharan Africa and in South and West Asia, one in seven gives birth by the age of 17. "[9] These girls will have such a road paved for them because they are not educated enough to make informed decisions. Though in these developing countries if they enforced stricter laws, abide the international treaty and spend more money on education, this would allow for both genders to attend, and there would be a "64 percent fewer girls locked into marriage at an age when they should still be in school." [9]
Connection to law: The Conventions on the Right of the Child Article 28: (Right to education): "States that all children have the right to a primary education, school should be run in an orderly way( without violence) and allow a student to reach their highest potential." [8 ] Though there are many signed countries who do follow these rules including Canada , there are also ones who do not including India. For instance in Canada it is mandatory for student to attend school and while in school a teacher cannot physically harm a student, but in India the laws are much different, in some school they spank the children as a way of punishment, their public schooling is poor and many people who live in villages believe that the social norm is for girls to stay home while boys go to school to get an education, as they have an old mind set. Though India has signed the treaty the government cannot oversee to ensure all students attend school as India is overpopulated.



6 How many countries signed the Convention on the Rights of the Child ? Which countries did not sign and why do you think they did not sign?
There are 192 countries signed. [2] The Only two countries, of all UN members that have not approved are Somalia and the United States. Somalia has not signed as it is currently unable to proceed to ratification as it has no recognized government. In the United States, although President Obama is supporting ratification, "the Republicans fear that the social and economic rights established by the treaty could provoke lawsuits demanding that the government pay for these things. " [2]



Works Cited

[1] https://www.childwelfare.gov/pubs/usermanuals/foundation/foundatione.cfm

[2] http://www.unicef.org/crc/

[3] http://www.globalissues.org/issue/2/causes-of-poverty

[4] http://cidpnsi.ca/blog/portfolio/canadas-foreign-aid/
[5] http://www.acdi-cida.gc.ca/bangladesh-e5

[6] Source: http://www.continuetolearn.uiowa.edu/laborctr/child_labor/about/causes.html
[7] http://www.dosomething.org/tipsandtools/why-countries-have-child-soldiers
[8] http://www.unicef.org/crc/files/Rights_overview.pdf
9 Source: http://blogs.reuters.com/great-debate/2013/09/25/why-girls-education-can-help-eradicate-poverty/

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