Child Abuse And Neglect At A Young Age

1574 Words7 Pages
Child Abuse and Neglect is a major problem that is happening in our society on a daily basis. Many theories have been put into place to try and explain this behavior, and get to the bottom of why it is happening. The empirical article that I chose to critique is by Izabela Milaniak and Cathy Spatz Widom and is called Does Child Abuse and Neglect Increase Risk for perpetration of Violence Inside and Outside the Home? The main point of this article is to determine that if children are exposed to abuse and neglect at a young age if they are at an increased risk to perpetrate these behaviors in the future. Milaniak and Widom suggest two main hypotheses for this study, for the first is: Individuals with documented histories of abuse, and neglect will be more likely to show these violent behaviors in the future. Either through criminal violence, child abuse, or domestic violence compared to the group of matched controls who were not exposed to these behaviors. The second hypothesis is that those who were exposed to child abuse and/ or neglect are at a greater risk to be poly-violence perpetrators (meaning they perpetrate three different types of violence- criminal, abuse, and intimate partner) compared with the matched controls. The authors suggest that the Social Learning Theory, and the Social processing theory are what the hypothesis is based on. Social Learning Theory is a theory suggests that physically abused children will learn the habits that they are exposed to by their parents through the parents modeling these behaviors as well as the children observing these behaviors. The other theory that helps support the hypothesis is the social- processing theory, which suggests that children that have been abused both fail to focus o... ... middle of paper ... ... Milankiak and Widom give a good, plain English summary of the findings they found throughout their study. They broke down the charts so they were easy to read, as well as explained the tables in words of the finding that they found. I did not have a hard time at all figuring out what the results were. The discussion neatly summarized the main finding in the article, and broke it down in sections of what group is more likely to commit poly- violence. The practical findings that were found were how children are impacted early on their life could affect their life later on when they grow up. Although there was 30 percent of the maltreated group did not show any violence, it still shows that parents, and anyone else who impacts children in their younger days need to be aware of what a negative affect it could have on their life if they aren’t positively impacting them.
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