Child Abuse And Neglect : A Social And Public Health Concern Worldwide Essay

Child Abuse And Neglect : A Social And Public Health Concern Worldwide Essay

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Introduction

Child Abuse and Neglect (CAN) is a social and public health concern worldwide. It’s type of trauma which exerts a multitude of short and long term effects on children.1

Different terms like child abuse, child maltreatment, child infanticide which are hard to believe occur in all income, racial, religious and ethnic groups even in the 21st civilized century.2

Definitions of Child Abuse and Neglect vary due to different parenting behaviours in different cultures worldwide. So some definitions focus on the behaviours or actions of adults while others consider abuse to take place if there is harm or the threat of harm to the child.3

The World Health Organisation (WHO) has defined ‘child abuse’ as a violation of basic human rights of a child, constituting all forms of physical, emotional ill- treatment, sexual harm, neglect or negligent treatment, commercial or other exploitation, resulting in actual harm to child 's health, survival, development or dignity in the context of a relationship of responsibility, trust or power.1

It’s more difficult to define Neglect when it comes to international standards of child protection. For example, co- sleeping is considered a norm in some countries and if the child is make to sleep alone in a separate room is perceived as neglectful whereas it is considered as modal way of caring for children in other countries.4

Neglect is a “type of maltreatment that refers to the failure by the caregiver to provide needed, age - appropriate care although financially able to do so or offered financial or other means to do so”.5
Possible reason why children are the most vulnerable victims of neglect could be excessive dependence on their parents.6
Child Neglect is hard to distinguish as it...


... middle of paper ...


...o it should be prevented, identified and reported with utmost urgency as ABUSED CHILDREN often become ABUSIVE PARENT.34
It has often been said that children who have been abused often grow up to abuse their own children, their spouse and even their parents , a situation referred to as “ RETRIBUTION ABUSE”.26

Despite the fact that Pune is the 9th most populous city in India and is home to over hundred educational institutes however no studies on the subject were identified after a thorough search of PubMed and Google scholar regarding dentists perception of their role in detecting and reporting suspected cases of CAN.

Considering the above mentioned facts the undermentioned study is stipulated to assess knowledge, attitude and behaviour of dentists in Pune regarding child abuse and neglect to identify the barriers that prevent the reporting of suspicious cases.


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