Peyton Rous was born in Baltimore in 1879, and although his father died early, his mother stayed in the city and worked to ensure the best possible education for her children. She was successful, and Rous graduated from Johns Hopkins University with both a B.A. and an M.D. in 1900 and 1905, respectively. After becoming an intern at the hospital, Rous decided that he did not want to be a “real doctor,” and so he turned to medical research. He became an instructor of pathology at the University of Michigan and worked in the laboratory. Rous was not able to do much work there, however, because the University only had very small funds for research. Rous later went on to teach anatomy at a hospital in Dresden, Germany for a short period of time. Upon his return, a colleague at the University of Michigan informed him of an opportunity at the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research, which provided grants for beginners. Rous received the grant and began work at the Institute. It was here that Peyton Rous would make some of his most notable discoveries.
Using the grant money, Rous researched lymphocytes, and his findings were deemed worthy enough to be published in the Journal of Experimental Medicine. The editor, Simon Flexner, who also happened to be the director of ...
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...er countries. I believe that it is time that “member of the Chicken Hall of Fame” be added to his list of achievements.
Some groups today may not have agreed with Rous’ use of the chicken as an experimental tool; they may believe that using animals in such a way is cruel and unjust. But without Peyton Rous’ groundbreaking discoveries, which would not have been possible without using chickens, where would we be today in the study of oncoviruses? Many scientists have used RSV as a means to study sarcomas and make their own developments in the cancer research. The study of cancers and how to treat them continues to be one of the most important fields of medical research today. Peyton Rous was a leader in that field during his time, and his discoveries have made further research possible. For these reasons, he more than deserves a spot in the Chicken Hall of Fame.
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