The Civil War was fought over the “race problem,” to determine the place of African-Americans in America. The Union won the war and freed the slaves. However, when President Lincoln declared the Emancipation Proclamation, a hopeful promise for freedom from oppression and slavery for African-Americans, he refrained from announcing the decades of hardship that would follow to obtaining the new won “freedom”. Over the course of nearly a century, African-Americans would be deprived and face adversity to their rights. They faced something perhaps worse than slavery; plagued with the threat of being lynched or beat for walking at the wrong place at the wrong time. Despite the addition of the 14th and 15th Amendments to the Bill of Rights, which were made to protect the citizenship of the African-American, thereby granting him the protection that each American citizen gained in the Constitution, there were no means to enforce these civil rights. People found ways to go around them, and thus took away the rights of African-Americans. In 1919, racial tensions between the black and white communities in Chicago erupted, causing a riot to start. This resulted from the animosity towards the growing black community of Chicago, which provided competition for housing and jobs. Mistrust between the police and black community in Chicago only lent violence as an answer to their problems, leading to a violent riot. James Baldwin, an essayist working for true civil rights for African-Americans, gives first-hand accounts of how black people were mistreated, and conveys how racial tensions built up antagonism in his essays “Notes of a Native Son,” and “Down at the Cross.”
In the mid and la...
... middle of paper ...
Givan, Becky. Chicago Race Riot of 1919. 29 Apr. 2004 http://diaspora.northwestern.edu/cgi-bin/WebObjects/DiasporaX.woa/wa/displayArticle?atomid=602
New York Life. The History of Jim Crow. 11 Apr. 2004
Newman, Scott A. “The Chicago Race Riot of 1919.” Jazz Age Chicago. 3 Nov. 2001. 11 Apr. 2004 http://chicago.urban-history.org/scrapbks/raceriot/raceriot.htm
“Report Two Killed, Fifty Hurt, in Race Riots.” Chicago Daily Tribune. 28 July 1919. pgs. 1,8. sec.1
Sandburg, Carl. The Chicago Race Riots. New York: Harcourt, Brace and World, 1969.
“Riot Sweeps Chicago.” Chicago Defender. 2 August 1919. pg.1 sec.1
Williams, Suzanne. Carl Sandburg and the Chicago Race Riots. 29 Apr. 2004 http://www.lib.niu.edu/ipo/ihy970454.html
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- A Look Into the Chicago Race Riots The Civil War was fought over the “race problem,” to determine the place of African-Americans in America. The Union won the war and freed the slaves. However, when President Lincoln declared the Emancipation Proclamation, a hopeful promise for freedom from oppression and slavery for African-Americans, he refrained from announcing the decades of hardship that would follow to obtaining the new won “freedom”. Over the course of nearly a century, African-Americans would be deprived and face adversity to their rights.... [tags: Riots]
2859 words (8.2 pages)
- Unit 4 Paper On July 27, 1919, a young black man named Eugene Williams swam past an invisible line of segregation at a popular public beach on Lake Michigan, Chicago. He was stoned by several white bystanders, knocked unconscious and drowned, and his death set off one of the bloodiest riots in Chicago’s history (Shogun 96). The Chicago race riot was not the result of the incident alone. Several factors, including the economic, social and political differences between blacks and whites, the post-war atmosphere and the psychology of race relations in 1919, combined to make Chicago a prime target for this event.... [tags: African American]
3035 words (8.7 pages)
- In this week’s supplementary reading, author Lydia Polgreen evaluates the recent string of deaths of unarmed black men, all attributed to police officers. The deaths of Michael Brown in Ferguson, Freddie Gray in Baltimore, and Laquan McDonald in Chicago have pushed the issues of race relations and institutional racism to the forefront of societal issues in America. Adding fuel to the fire is the fact that in most of these cases, the officers accused of the unlawful deaths are usually given the benefit of the doubt and found innocent by jurors.... [tags: Race, African American, Racism, Black people]
1049 words (3 pages)
- Convicted for armed robbery in 1960, James Earl Ray escaped from Missouri State Penitentiary on April 22, 1967. Ray’s hatred for the black population and support for Nazism fueled his drive to assassinate pacifistic leader, Martin Luther King, Jr. During the civil rights era, Martin Luther King, Jr.’s strong political and religious presence caused him to be a potential target as many denounced his promotion of equality amongst blacks and whites in America. Moreover, with the use of a Remington rifle, Ray shot King from a bathroom window of a hotel located across the street from the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee, where he had a perfect view of King standing on the motel room balcony.... [tags: violent riots, funeral service, black population]
1507 words (4.3 pages)
- Once trumpeted as “The World’s Greatest Weekly,” the Chicago Defender ran its first article on May 5th, 1905. Its founder, Robert Sengstacke Abbott, began what would soon be the most influential black newspaper with an initial investment of 25 cents, a press run of just 300 copies, and his entire business was situated in a tiny space in his landlord’s apartment. What is most prominent about the paper is that it did not refer to African American’s as “negro,” or “black”; rather Abbott chose to his people as “the Race.” The circulation of the Defender increased dramatically during wartime, sailing from 33,000 copies in 1916 to 125,000 by 1918.... [tags: African American, Black people, Langston Hughes]
2022 words (5.8 pages)
- The 1960s was a very turbulent time in American history. Cities across the country saw hundreds of incidents of racial violence. Various federal and state commissions were assembled to investigate the causes of these riots. Each individual riot had its own specific immediate precipitating incidents--"among them the Chicago riots of 1965 which erupted after a Negro woman was accidentally killed by a fire engine and the Daytona riots of 1966, which broke out after a Negro man was deliberately gunned down from a passing car" (Fogelson 217).... [tags: American History]
841 words (2.4 pages)
- The Chicago Seven 1968 was one of the most turbulent years in America history. The Vietnam War became the longest war in U. S. history. American casualties were higher than 30,000. Anti-war protests grew larger and louder on college campuses. At Columbia, students took control of the office of the President and held three persons hostage to protest the school's connection to the defense Department. Following the April assassination of Martin Luther King in Memphis riots happened in 125 cities leaving 46 dead.... [tags: essays research papers]
1701 words (4.9 pages)
- There are many things that define the eventful, complex year of 1969, but the spirit of the time is depicted through contrast. President Richard Nixon struggled with balancing peace and American power. The spirit of the year is remembered by the struggle for peace and the conflict it created. As it is often portrayed as a peaceful year, 1969 had its fair share of events that negatively impacted society. Differences in ideas, race, and culture caused a general upheaval among the people of the time.... [tags: stonewall riots, president nixon, power]
947 words (2.7 pages)
- This book review was on the book of Race Riot: Chicago in the Red Summer of 1919. It was a long-term study done by William M. Tuttle, Jr. Its objective was to make a comprehensive documentation of the events of 1919 in Chicago. The book dealt with all aspects and perspectives of the event. The author’s objective was to leave no stone uncovered. That every aspect would be talked about in detail. Some important aspects that he arose throughout the book are going to be the focal point of this book review.... [tags: essays research papers fc]
2137 words (6.1 pages)
- The 1960’s were an era in the United States where new ideas were developing, and most specifically ideas pertaining to the civil rights movement and its expansion. Protests, parades, and riots were occurring in an attempt to spread freedom for all people, and as some of these events became relevant in the news, the tensions of the country rose. Violence was occurring in many parts of the countries due to the ideas of those who were not receiving the freedom that they believed were entitled to them.... [tags: Rochester Riots Essays]
3327 words (9.5 pages)