Essay on Chicago Race Riots

Essay on Chicago Race Riots

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A Look Into the Chicago Race Riots

The Civil War was fought over the “race problem,” to determine the place of African-Americans in America. The Union won the war and freed the slaves. However, when President Lincoln declared the Emancipation Proclamation, a hopeful promise for freedom from oppression and slavery for African-Americans, he refrained from announcing the decades of hardship that would follow to obtaining the new won “freedom”. Over the course of nearly a century, African-Americans would be deprived and face adversity to their rights. They faced something perhaps worse than slavery; plagued with the threat of being lynched or beat for walking at the wrong place at the wrong time. Despite the addition of the 14th and 15th Amendments to the Bill of Rights, which were made to protect the citizenship of the African-American, thereby granting him the protection that each American citizen gained in the Constitution, there were no means to enforce these civil rights. People found ways to go around them, and thus took away the rights of African-Americans. In 1919, racial tensions between the black and white communities in Chicago erupted, causing a riot to start. This resulted from the animosity towards the growing black community of Chicago, which provided competition for housing and jobs. Mistrust between the police and black community in Chicago only lent violence as an answer to their problems, leading to a violent riot. James Baldwin, an essayist working for true civil rights for African-Americans, gives first-hand accounts of how black people were mistreated, and conveys how racial tensions built up antagonism in his essays “Notes of a Native Son,” and “Down at the Cross.”

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...2004 http://www.uic.edu/orgs/kbc/ganghistory/Industrial%20Era/Riotbegins.html

Givan, Becky. Chicago Race Riot of 1919. 29 Apr. 2004 http://diaspora.northwestern.edu/cgi-bin/WebObjects/DiasporaX.woa/wa/displayArticle?atomid=602

New York Life. The History of Jim Crow. 11 Apr. 2004

http://www.jimcrowhistory.org/home.htm

Newman, Scott A. “The Chicago Race Riot of 1919.” Jazz Age Chicago. 3 Nov. 2001. 11 Apr. 2004 http://chicago.urban-history.org/scrapbks/raceriot/raceriot.htm

“Report Two Killed, Fifty Hurt, in Race Riots.” Chicago Daily Tribune. 28 July 1919. pgs. 1,8. sec.1

Sandburg, Carl. The Chicago Race Riots. New York: Harcourt, Brace and World, 1969.

“Riot Sweeps Chicago.” Chicago Defender. 2 August 1919. pg.1 sec.1

Williams, Suzanne. Carl Sandburg and the Chicago Race Riots. 29 Apr. 2004 http://www.lib.niu.edu/ipo/ihy970454.html

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