The Chesapeake And New England Colonies Essay

The Chesapeake And New England Colonies Essay

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Although both the Chesapeake and New England colonies were settled largely by the same people, they became increasingly different as time went on. New England was colonized mainly by puritan settlers who sought religious freedom in the new world, leading to their colonies to develop around the church. However, the Chesapeake colonies which had original motivations of economic prosperity and a haven for Catholics. Due to these dissimilar initial motivations, the two regions continued to diverge as they progressed through history, creating two unique colonies.
These two colonies social religious structure continued to widen throughout the years. New England colonies had a strict religious code based upon the congregational church that the colonies adhered to. The puritans believed that God had chosen them to create a religious utopia, and thus any impurities could be detrimental to their supposed covenant with God. This lead to religious discrimination in the New England colonies, and eventually a resistance to Anglicization. Their extent of intolerance is evident when the New England Courant began to publish writings about religion and politics and Ben Franklin’s brother was imprisoned for a month (Franklin). It was not necessary for colonists to advocate other religions, the mere thought of having other religious information out within the colony was enough to merit action. Chesapeake colonies on the other hand, were founded under the goals of economic prosperity and freedom from religious persecution. As a result of their economic focus they had a very low key religious tone (Murrin 88). This tolerance for religion provided an ample ground for the establishment of the Anglican Church in the late 17th century, going in a directio...


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...hbors, New England was not plagued by difficulties in creating a stable population. Puritans were more family oriented, thus they had more families immigrate to the Americas. This allowed them to establish a base population much more quickly, allowing rapid growth in the colonies and resulting in very large family sizes. With their large families and intolerance for slavery, the New England colonies remained a predominantly white society.
Overall, it is apparent how the two colonies, Chesapeake and New England, grew apart as they progressed through history. Despite being founded by the same ethnic group, the two regions were established upon different principles. These principles shaped the colonies as they progressed, each event and advancement influenced by the original motives, causing these two colonies to become increasingly different by the revolutionary war.

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