Essay on The Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant

Essay on The Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant

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On April 26 , 1986 the explosion occurred at Unit 4 of the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant (in Ukraine (then officially the Ukrainian SSR)) , which completely destroyed the reactor. It was a catastrophic nuclear accident. The accident is considered as the largest of its kind in the history of nuclear power , both on the estimated number of dead and injured people and economic damage.
The staff had to test and check : whether the turbines will work out the necessary amount of a residual energy to fuel a special cooling system in case of a sudden power outage , and whether such a system withstand disruptions to an emergency power .
The interruption of the experiment was not allowed , that is why all the safety systems were disabled in advance. In order for experiment to be in a maximum safe conditions , it was necessary to reduce the overall power level of the reactor until at least twenty-five percent. It was found that the capacity of the reactor fell far below one percent . Workers began to slowly disperse the reactor to return it to its previous working state , but the power has increased dramatically after thirty seconds.




And because all emergency systems were disconnected , it was impossible to stop the chain reaction . This led the worst nuclear power plant accident in history. An explosion and fire released large quantities of radioactive particles into the atmosphere. Radioactive material was launched over 8 kilometers into the sky . Only four percent of the reactor’s radioactive material reached the atmosphere , but it was still more than was released by the two atomic bombs dropped on Japan.
« Chernobyl 's blast released 400 times more radiation than the atomic bomb the US dropped on Hi...


... middle of paper ...


...clusion zone surrounding the former nuclear power plant the animal population has been reduced, and the degree of radioactive contamination as a result of the explosion was terrifying. The real consequences of the Chernobyl accident for human populations will be available for analysis to the 2025-2026 year , as a generation , came under the direct effects of radiation , is only the beginning have families and have children.
« ‘Chernobyl is a word we would all like to erase from our memory,’ said US Secretary General Kofi Annan in a foreword to the report. ‘But,’ he added, ‘more than 7 million of our fellow
human beings do not have the luxury of forgetting. They are still suffering, every day, as a result of what happened.’ The exact number of Chernobyl victims may never be known, he said, but 3 million children require treatment and ‘many will die prematurely’. »

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