The Chernoblyl Nuclear Plant Disaster Essays

The Chernoblyl Nuclear Plant Disaster Essays

Length: 1349 words (3.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

In the early morning of April 26th, 1986, two explosions tore through the Chernobyl nuclear power plant leaving behind nothing but rubble, nuclear fallout, and the infamy of what will probably long be called the worst nuclear disaster in history (World Nuclear Association, 2013). The cities of Chernobyl and Pripyat remain ghost towns due to extremely high levels of radiation still present 28 years after the explosion. The undeniable environmental effects of the blast couple with the severe health effects to earn the Chernobyl explosion its infamy.
The Chernobyl power plant was built to satisfy a constant need for energy. The power plant was created to supply nearby cities—namely Pripyat and Chernobyl—with energy. Nuclear energy was a new alternative energy source that lightened the dependency on coal power plants.
Nuclear reactors have many components. The reactor itself uses uranium-235 as fuel. Raw uranium ore contains only about 0.7% uranium-235 and must be enriched until it consists of about 5% uranium-235. The majority of uranium ore is uranium-238 which has a much longer half-life than uranium-235. The enriched uranium is then formed into pellets and placed into zirconium rods which are then assembled into bundles. These are called fuel rods and they are barraged with neutrons and then the uranium-235 turns into uranium-236—an extremely unstable atom—and shortly thereafter it splits into isotopes of krypton and barium. When the uranium splits it expels three neutrons which collide with other uranium atoms and in this fashion a chain reaction occurs once the reaction reaches critical mass. Critical mass is the point at which a chain reaction can be sustained without external interference. To control the nuclear reaction, co...


... middle of paper ...


...rom
http://www.epa.gov/radiation/understand/health_effects.html
Mousseau, T. A., & Møller, A. P. (2011). Landscape portrait: A look at the impacts of radioactive contaminants on Chernobyl’s wildlife. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 67(2), 38-46.
Mycio, M., (2013, March). How many people have really been killed by Chernobyl?. Retrieved from http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/explainer/2013/04/ chernobyl_death_toll_how_many_cancer_cases_are_caused_by_low_level_radiation.html
World Nuclear Association. (2013, June). Chernobyl accident 1986. Retrieved 20 January 2014 from http://www.world-nuclear.org/info/Safety-and-Security/Safety-of-Plants/Chernobyl-Accident/
World Nuclear Association. (n.d.) How a nuclear reactor makes electricity? Retrieved 20 Jan. 2014 from http://www.world-nuclear.org/Nuclear-Basics/How-does-a-nuclear-reactor-make-electricity-/

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on The Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant

- On April 26 , 1986 the explosion occurred at Unit 4 of the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant (in Ukraine (then officially the Ukrainian SSR)) , which completely destroyed the reactor. It was a catastrophic nuclear accident. The accident is considered as the largest of its kind in the history of nuclear power , both on the estimated number of dead and injured people and economic damage. The staff had to test and check : whether the turbines will work out the necessary amount of a residual energy to fuel a special cooling system in case of a sudden power outage , and whether such a system withstand disruptions to an emergency power ....   [tags: Chernobyl disaster, Nuclear power]

Strong Essays
1616 words (4.6 pages)

The Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant Essay

- Energy is an invaluable resource for most of the world. The capabilities we have with this power is astounding, but with this power must come the respect of its handling. During the cold war in soviet Russia, the Chernobyl nuclear power plant was providing the resources of energy throughout the area. On April 26, 1986, the decisions made by Deputy chief engineer Dyatlov and his night staff will bring about one of the worst nuclear incidents in human history. The Chernobyl disaster was the “result of a flawed reactor design that was operated with inadequately trained personnel” and “the resulting lack of any safety culture” (World Nuclear Association)....   [tags: Chernobyl disaster, Nuclear power]

Strong Essays
1575 words (4.5 pages)

Essay The Chernobyl Nuclear Plant in Ukraine

- On April 26, 1986 the entire world’s view of nuclear energy changed forever (Nave Chernobyl, n.d., para. 4). This was because on that day there was a massive explosion at the Chernobyl nuclear plant in Ukraine (part of the USSR at the time). Science can be applied to this event to explain why the plant exploded in the first place. Science can be used to look at how the plant was designed to work versus how it worked at the time of explosion. This event had massive health effects on nearby humans as well as animals and plants in the area....   [tags: radiation, disaster, nuclear power]

Strong Essays
1005 words (2.9 pages)

Disaster Of Chernobyl : Chernobyl Essay example

- Disaster of Chernobyl Life was at ease while the fumes and radiation expanded through the homes in Pripyat. Located in the Ukraine, Chernobyl and Pripyat are famously known for the disaster of Chernobyl. The nuclear power plant and the ghost city of Pripyat are not your average tour destinations. Standing still in time these places remind us of how one fatal flaw can turn into heartbreak, fatal, and risking the lives of generations to come. Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant was home to four different reactors or units....   [tags: Chernobyl disaster, Nuclear power]

Strong Essays
1895 words (5.4 pages)

The Chernobyl Nuclear Power ( Chernobyl ) Essay examples

- Since You’ve Been Gone... What went wrong During a routine test on April 26, 1986, reactor number 4 at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant experienced a power surge that triggered an emergency shutdown. The attempt to manage the surge in power and the alarming increase in the core’s temperature caused an even larger power surge. Heat and power output continued to rise until the water used to cool the reactor vaporized, generating massive amounts of pressure. The first explosion caused by the steam inside the reactor was enough to send the 4-million-pound lid of the reactor assembly through the roof of the building....   [tags: Chernobyl disaster, Nuclear power]

Strong Essays
1138 words (3.3 pages)

The Environmental Impact Of Nuclear Power Plant Essay

- Ralston Hall Mindy Townsend ENGL 1010 8:00 15 October, 2014 The Environmental Impact of Nuclear Power Plant Nuclear power plants do not belong in our world today due the major safety concerns they provide. The topic of nuclear energy has been discussed for the past fifty years; for the longest time, it was an unknown power with untapped capabilities one could only dream of. It was not until the 1940 's that scientist got a better grasp of the technology, and unlocked its potential. Unfortunately, this discovery was not a good thing at the time because nuclear technology was solely used to develop atomic bombs....   [tags: Nuclear power, Chernobyl disaster]

Strong Essays
2144 words (6.1 pages)

The Chernobyl Of Chernobyl Nuclear Accident Essay

- The Chernobyl nuclear accident was an accident that had many repercussions and caused many to doubt nuclear power across the world. Chernobyl was caused by many events that lead to the eventually melt down of one of the reactors. There have been many studies on why the Chernobyl nuclear power plant melted down. Some say it was from design flaws with the RBMK reactor. Others say it was due to lack of employee training and lack of knowledge on how to safely and properly run the plant. And also it may have been because there was a lack of safety measures implemented and those that were, were not properly followed....   [tags: Nuclear power, Chernobyl disaster, RBMK]

Strong Essays
1188 words (3.4 pages)

Chernobyl & Fukushima Nuclear Disasters Essay

- Chernobyl & Fukushima Nuclear Disasters The Chernobyl & Fukushima nuclear disasters are similar in many ways, but yet so very different. Lets explore these two disasters, the events that took place, the amounts of radiation released, the effects on the people and the land, and how each disaster was handled then and still being handled now. Let’s first look at the similarities; both Chernobyl and Fukushima are the only two nuclear power disasters that are ranked as level seven events. The International Atomic Energy Agency has a scale for nuclear accidents and a level seven event is the direst rating....   [tags: Chernobyl disaster, Radioactive contamination]

Strong Essays
1721 words (4.9 pages)

The Chernobyl Disaster And Its Impact On The World Essay

- The Chernobyl Disaster On the morning of April 26 1986 an accident at Unit 4 of the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant, located in the Soviet occupied Ukraine Republic, led to the collapse of the containment structure resulting in the largest release of nuclear fission material into the atmosphere and surrounding environment recorded to date. In order to the understand the impact of Chernobyl and the way it has influenced contemporary response and containment methods of hazardous materials we will require an examination of factors that led up to and initiated this incident....   [tags: Nuclear power, Chernobyl disaster]

Strong Essays
1021 words (2.9 pages)

Chernobyl Nuclear Disaster Essay

- Chernobyl Nuclear Disaster The Chernobyl disaster was the worst industrial disaster in the history of the world. On April 26, at 1:24am reactor number 4 at the Chernobyl plant blew up. The explosion was the result of an experiment that, due to human error, went awry. The operator at the time made the first mistake that lead to the disaster by disabling automatic shutdown mechanisms. When the operator then went to shut down the reactor from its unstable condition the poor design of the reactor and its systems caused a dramatic power surge within the reactor....   [tags: Chernobyl History Nuclear Essays Papers]

Strong Essays
796 words (2.3 pages)