In order to understand Project Coast you must first learn what Project Coast was all about. In the early 1981 the Chemical and Biological Warfare program, code named Coast, officially started and was finished in 1995(Folb & Gould, 2002). In my research paper I will discuss the history of Project Coast and I will let the reader understand the circumstances that surrounded Project Coast. I will also explain the different types of chemical agents that where and why they were used. I hope at the end of the paper everyone will have a better understanding on what actually happened back then.
In 1976, a racial war began in the township of Johannesburg between the black populace and the white African police. This war began shortly after innocent black students were gunned down during a demonstration against the compulsory teaching of the Afrikaans language. The incident was known as the Soweto uprising. South African Defense Force used the uprising as fuel to continue to support the further production and utilization of chemical and biological weapons. Moreover, between 1976 and 1979 a war in Rhodesia caused increasing political and racial tensions within South Africa. (Boston, 2003) Project coast was established to produce various types of chemical and biological deterrent agents. These agents were often referred to as riot agents, a good example would be mustard gas. Leaders of the military and various political leaders of South Africa felt their country was at war. Many locals did not feel safe within or outside their borders. If you were to summarize the project coast main efforts you could say that its overall purpose was to be used to aid the South African government and military....
... middle of paper ...
...that chemical and biological warfare played in project coast. I also wanted to paint a picture of the history and how it affected the South African community. You now should have a good understanding of how a simple program designed to produce a riot control agent can quickly transition into a toxic and corrupt project like project coast.
Boston, J. (2003, 11 13). Apartheid: Biological and Chemical Warfare Program. Retrieved 03
17, 2014, from http://www.crimelibrary.com:
Folb, C. G. (2002). Project Coast: Apartheid's Chemical and Biological Warfare Programme.
Cape Town: United Nations Publication.
WGBH educational foundation. (2012, 02 22). What Happend in South Africa. Retrieved 03 17,
2014, from http://www.pbs.org/:
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The Role it Played Chemical and Biological Warfare In order to understand Project Coast you must first learn what Project Coast was all about. In the early 1981 the Chemical and Biological Warfare program, code named Coast, officially started and was finished in 1995(Folb & Gould, 2002). In my research paper I will discuss the history of Project Coast and I will let the reader understand the circumstances that surrounded Project Coast. I will also explain the different types of chemical agents that where and why they were used.... [tags: Coast, Racial War, Johannesburg, Africa]
1011 words (2.9 pages)
- “The gas instantly caused severe burning in their throats and lung. The men clutched their chests, coughed, and gasped for breath. Attempts to shield themselves from the gas were largely futile. Many tried to burrow their noses and mouths or to cover them with cloth, but the moist, dense poison penetrated everything” (Taylor 17). Those were the effects of chlorine quoted by an eyewitness. The gases and biological agents used against people in war are very cruel. They cause lots of deaths in short periods of time, leaving lasting effects wherever they are unleashed.... [tags: Biological Weapon, Viral and Bacteria Pathogens]
2397 words (6.8 pages)
- The Al Qaeda and Its Attempt to Use Chemical and Biological Warfare as a Means of Attack For approximately the past three decades, a terrorist group has come to plague the world with its activities (Gunaratna, 2002). This group is known as Al Qaeda. Al Qaeda, when translated means “The Base”. It is a terrorist organization that seeks to remove western influence from the Middle East and spread its radical Islamic views. Al Qaeda’s most prominent leader was Osama bin Laden, until his death during a raid upon his compound in Pakistan.... [tags: terrorist groups, rebels]
942 words (2.7 pages)
- Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Warfare Nuclear, Biological and Chemical (NBC) warfare is one of the most dreaded forms of attack on the battlefield. In the last century, we learned a great deal about how life works, how it is organized. We have used that technology to save many lives by curing diseases and vaccinating against viruses. But it seems that whenever we have a breakthrough in science, there is an ever-present danger of a form of weapon resulting from the discovery. Biological Warfare is defined as bacteria, viruses, fungi or rickettsia, which are used in wartime to cause disease or death in people (Hay, 1984).... [tags: Papers]
1129 words (3.2 pages)
- Ethical Implications of Chemical, Biological and Nuclear Warfare Thesis As current problems of terrorism and the war on Iraq, chemical, biological and nuclear warfare (CBW) issues are important and relevant. CBW agents are dangerous, uncontrollable and undifferentiating weapons of mass destructions. Chemical, biological and nuclear weapons are capable of mass destruction aimed at killing masses of people. Using CBW agents comes with many ethical dilemmas and consequential side-effects. Chemical, biological, and nuclear weapons are designed to yield a great number of deaths.... [tags: War Weapons Chemistry Ethics Essays]
3206 words (9.2 pages)
- Ricin is a chemical substance that was used in killing targeted individuals during the Cold War. The chemical was first developed in the United States and United Kingdom, but it was widely used in other countries like Bulgaria. The substance can kill individuals exposed to it through ingestion, inhalation and injections. Among the victims of ricin assassination includes Georgi Markov who was one of the rebels of the former communist regime. Ricin was also used as a weapon that targeted government officials.... [tags: cold war, biological and chemical warfare]
1095 words (3.1 pages)
- CBRN Reconnaissance Platoon There is a long and rich history of Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical (NBC) reconnaissance, today also known or referred to as Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear (CBRN) reconnaissance within the United States Army. Scholars and experts believe that as early as 1935 Chemical-Warfare schools publications discussed the need to identify, mark, and produce a method to avoid contaminated areas. Avoidance is the most important fundamental of NBC Defense. In addition to the casualties an attack can cause, the contamination that may come with an attack also causes casualties and produces long-term hazards that can interfere with the mission.... [tags: surveillance, platoon, chemical warfare]
962 words (2.7 pages)
- Porton Down 75 Years of Chemical and Biological Research Porton Down was established in 1916 in retaliation of the Germans using chemical warfare against United Kingdom armed forces. Porton is located near Salisbury, Wiltshire England on 7,000 acres. Porton Down consists of research facilities that conduct research on chemical and biological warfare. 23 April 1915 British troops were attacked with chlorine gas, and Sir John French, the British Commander-in-Chief wanted retaliation with the same effects that was dealt to his troops, and he also wanted the means to defend his troop against these attacks, which lead to the establishment of Porton Down.... [tags: chemical warfare, chlorine gas, smoke]
898 words (2.6 pages)
- When a nation or country develops offensive chemical and biological weapons this is not an admittance of intention to use them of threaten other nations and countries with the weapons. (1) The involvement in chemical and biological warfare program in most countries is aimed at developing a defensive capability for the defense forces of that country. The true grey area lies in the facts that to have a productive defensive CBW program it requires the same expertise and resources as a well productive offensive CBW program.... [tags: Warfare, Korea]
983 words (2.8 pages)
- Chemical and Biological Weaponry Introduction: A Modern Day Trojan Horse Although the envelope resembled a letter from a fourth grade student, the contents addressed to Senator Tom Daschle were life threatening. Laced within the envelope was a form of the bacteria known as Bacillus Anthracis, bacteria more commonly known as anthrax. When exposed to humans, an anthrax infection leads to the release of toxins, which if not properly treated are fatal (cnn.com). Around the same time of Senator Daschle’s threat, other cases of anthrax exposure were publicized.... [tags: Biological Warfare Nuclear Weapons Ethics Essays]
1329 words (3.8 pages)