Gradgrind’s change is multifaceted, appearing in both his view of himself as a practical person and through his behavior. This behavior goes from forcing facts to accepting creativity as well. The change is important for seeing how Gradgrind represents the utilitarian society, as well as seeing the effects Gradgrind’s fact-based philosophy has on himself and his society. Gradgrind was always compassionate, despite the way he viewed himself. It was out of compassion that he started his school, even though it didn’t turn out as positively as he had hoped. It was also out of compassion that he took in Sissy Jupe, despite the fact that the reason he went to visit Sissy was to kick ...
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...o the possible chance that the children could end up like the hands (Bounderby’s factory employees) or circus workers. Jane Gradgrind seems to be balanced on creativity and strict fact though, due to opportunity for both (through Sissy and Gradgrind’s change). This is good because the mindset does harm people and the society as a whole.
The harm and futility of the utilitarian philosophy is shown on multiple levels throughout Charles Dickens’ Hard Times. Examples of this include the damage that Gradgrind did to his students and children despite having only the best of intentions for them. There’s also the fact that Josiah Bounderby successful method of profiting from lying and making his employees miserable does less harm despite being more selfish. This contrast between good intent vs a good outcome demonstrates Dickens’ views on the negativity of utilitarianism.
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