Charles de Montesquieu was born January 19th, 1689, to a noble family. He was educated first at the Oratorian College de Juilly and later the University of Bordeaux. It is here that Charles got his law degree before moving to Paris. He lived in Paris for a few years. Then, his father died, and Charles moved back to Bordeaux. It is here that he married Jeanne de Lartigue, and they went on to have two daughters and a son. When his uncle died, Charles inherited the title Baron de La Brède et de Montesquieu and the office of Président à Mortier in the Parlement of Bordeaux. For the next eleven years, Montesquieu supervised the criminal division of Parlement. He was also active in the Academy of Bordeaux, keeping up to date with the latest scientific discoveries and writing his own papers and ideas. Montesquieu’s Persian Letters brought him instant fame. After its publication, Montequieu began to spend more time in Paris. While there, he attended salons and acted on behalf of Parlement and the Academy of Bordeaux. He continued writing during this time period, and several of his smaller works were produced. In the year 1725 he left Parlement and began to travel. He lived in England for two years, where he was greatly impressed with their political system. He used it to draw inspiration for his later works. In 1731, with failing e...
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...tted a crime or not. There also shouldn’t be laws pertaining to something that might be done inadvertently. Montesquieu also makes a point to say that laws need to be adapted for the people they are written for. He believes that different groups of people need to have different laws.
Religion doesn’t play a big part in The Spirit of the Laws. Montesquieu says that different religions should be used for different types of government. He believes that Protestantism for republics, Catholicism for monarchies, and Islam for despotism is the best way to go.
Montesquieu had a big impact on both the English and American governments. This is evident in the Declaration of the Rights of Man in England, and in the Constitution of the United States. His ideas have influenced the governments of the past two centuries, and will continue to influence them for many years to come.
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