Charles Darwin 's Theory Of Natural Selection Essay

Charles Darwin 's Theory Of Natural Selection Essay

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Throughout history, England has had countless numbers of important writers, philosophers, and scientists. However, there was one rarity, that fit all three categories; Francis Bacon. Bacon was widely known for his essay on the four idols. Douglas Walton wrote an article about Bacon’s biography leading up to his theory of the four idols. “In addition to having his career in law and politics, Bacon made notable contributions to science, philosophy, history and literature” (Walton). The four idols were very influential in Europe at the time, and continue to be very important when studying literature and philosophy. However, he has a very differing view from another influential English writer and scientist, Charles Darwin. Darwin, in 1853, published his theory of natural selection in his book, On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection. This theory was, and continues to be very controversial to this day. However, one of Bacon’s four idols highly contradicts Darwin’s theory of natural selection and would have made it very difficult for Darwin’s contemporaries to accept the theory of evolution, despite the mass evidence he provided.
Out of all four of Bacon’s idols, the Idols of the Tribe, are the ones that would contradict Darwin’s theory the most where Darwin’s contemporaries were concerned. Itiel Dror, wrote an article called, “How Can Francis Bacon Help Forensic Science? The Four Idols of Human Biases”. He explained what Bacon meant when using the term idols, and how they affect the scientific world positively and negatively. “Francis Bacon developed the doctrine of "idols," in which he laid out his understanding of the various obstacles that get in the way of truth and science - false idols that prevent us from makin...


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...or the History of Science. “Thus he (Bacon) was thoroughly acquainted with objectivity in the sense of impartiality as one of the requirements of truth and justice in both law and history, and sought to practice it himself in his activities as a judge, a writer on jurisprudence and a historian” (Zagorin).Out of all four of Bacon’s idols, the Idols of the Tribe, are the ones that would contradict Darwin’s theory the most where Darwin’s contemporaries were concerned. All of the pieces of Darwin’s theory revolve around such parallels and relatives that Bacon describes. This would make it very difficult for Darwin’s contemporaries, due to the fact that at the time, Bacon was highly respected. All in all, it would have been very difficult for Darwin to justify his findings to his contemporaries even with his mass amounts of evidence, due to Bacon’s essay on The Four Idols.

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