Characteristics of the Acacia Senegal Tree Essay

Characteristics of the Acacia Senegal Tree Essay

Length: 733 words (2.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Introduction
Acacia senegal (L.) Willd. Leguminous tree, subfamily Mimosaceae is an important multipurpose tree of desert and commonly found in arid of Rajasthan, Gujarat and undisturbed area of Punjab and Haryana. Locally it is known as kumata / khair / kheri. In Gujarat it is known as kagar; goraduja baval. In Hindi it is also known as khor, humath. In other countries, it is known as geelhoak (Africans); alloba (Arabic); gum arbic, Sudan gum Arabic, gum acacia, three-throned acacia (English); acacia du senegal (French).
Acacia is abundant in savannas and arid regions of India, Australia, Africa and America. Many species of Acacias are exceedingly robust and grow under the most severe conditions. Fabaceae or Leguminosae is a large and economically important family of flowering plant. It is commonly known as legume family, pea family, bean family and pulse family. Fabaceae is third largest family of flowering plants behind Orchidaceae and Asteraceae, with 730 genera and over 19400 species according to Royal Botanical Gardens and Acacia with 900 species.
Tree grows up to 8 m in height, with umbrella-shaped or flat or rounded crown (Maundu et al., 1999). It is based chiefly on characteristics of the seed and seedlings, absence of stipular spines (but prickles present) and pollen characteristic. It is very branched with many upright twigs (Von Maydell, J.H. 1990). Selection of the best seed sources of A. senegal for given region is necessary for maximum productivity in plantation forestry and agro forestry systems (Subramanium et al., 1992). Tree breeder wants to explore the naturally occurring variability which permits tree breeder to make rapid genetic advance.
All forest species have large heterozygocity and they also show conside...


... middle of paper ...


...e species. Accordingly Chikamai and Banks (1993) reported that in A. senegal, the chemical and molecular structure of gum arabic differs according to botanical origin of the populations. As a result the functional properties, uses and commercial value are dependent on origin (Chikamai and Odera, 2002).
Recently scientists have shown an increasing interest on the reproductive biology of tropical trees such as Leucaena (Brewbaker, 1983), the genus Acacia (Tybirk, 1989; Tybirk, 1992; Buitlaar, 1993; Diallo, 1997), Saba senegalensis (Traoré, unpubished), and the monospecific genus Faidherbia albida (Gassama-Dia et al, 2003). Regarding B. aegyptica, some preliminary studies on seed pregermination treatment and vegetative propagation were mentioned by El Nour et al. (1991). This paper presents results on the flowering, pollination and reproductive capacity in A. senegal.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Decision Tree : Decision Trees

- Decision Trees David Studdard January 1, 2016 Cognitive Software Design Dr. Steve South University The objectives and main findings of this paper is, the overview of decision trees. Decision tree techniques have been used to build models that are closely compared to the human reasoning and that are easily understood (Kotsiantis, 2013). A decision tree is shaped like a tree to determine a course of action or a probability of a statistic and each branch will represent a decision or an occurrence....   [tags: Decision tree, Tree, Decision trees]

Better Essays
1507 words (4.3 pages)

Effect of Lipid-Based Nutrient Supplements on Child Growth in Senegal Essay

- The objective was to test the hypothesis that a lipid-based nutritional supplement enriched with micronutrients (LNS+MN) would enhance linear growth in rural African young children compared to a paste without micronutrients (LNS). Methods: Senegalese children (n=208) were enrolled at 6 months and assigned to one of the two arms (LNS+MN or LNS) of the double-blind randomized trial. Caregivers were asked to give a 20g daily dose of supplement (108kcal) to their child for a 12-month period. The primary outcome was length....   [tags: child growth, nutritional supplements, senegal]

Better Essays
1838 words (5.3 pages)

The Upside Down Christmas Tree Essay

- Christmas is filled with traditions, from gifts wrapped under the tree to mistletoe hung in doorways; there is a story behind most of our Christmas traditions. For centuries the Christmas tree has become eponymous as symbol of Christmas throughout the world. In the majority of households that display a Christmas tree each year the majority will be displayed upright, as it would be found in nature. But have you ever considered displaying your Christmas tree upside down. According to the history books there was a time when this was how a Christmas tree would be displayed....   [tags: Christmas tree, Christmas, Tree, Fir]

Better Essays
907 words (2.6 pages)

Essay on The American Chestnut Tree

- Uncolonized North America was once inhabited by many organisms that have now become extinct. The extinction of these organisms can be blamed on the over harvesting of valuable resources or the introduction of foreign diseases from importation. One of these extinct organisms was the American chestnut. The American chestnut once inhabited the Eastern portion of North America from Maine to Florida. The great tree was once a dominant species that inhabited the Appalachian Mountains. The tree provided a staple diet to pre-colonized North American inhabitants and the immigrants of Europe....   [tags: monoecious deciduos tree]

Free Essays
534 words (1.5 pages)

Christmas : A Christmas Tree Essay

- Christmas is a wonderful time of year filled with decorations, cookies, Christmas lights and a huge Christmas tree. As I was growing up the Christmas tree was the biggest thing to have in our family. It was the very first thing we would beg to be put up so we could decorate it however we wanted it. We had a nine foot tall Christmas tree that would sit right as you walked in to our living room. My brothers and I was always so excited to have it brought up the steps and set up to where we could decorate it and put the angel on the very tip top of the tree....   [tags: Christmas tree, Christmas, Christmas lights]

Better Essays
1339 words (3.8 pages)

Essay on Islam in Senegal

- Ndiaye HIS 370 Dr. Goodier Islam in Senegal My folks and I were born and grew up in Dahra, Senegal. My father migrated to the United States when I was about four years old and I joined him at the age of eighteen with my younger brother who’s attending SUNYIT. My family’s strong belief and faith identity have remained an integral part of my development and life. Moreover, my grandfather was a Marabout in Dahra. He taught many people about Islam, including my uncles, and today they are now living with their families in several different countries around the world....   [tags: religion, motheism, Muslim, guidance, Quran]

Better Essays
2193 words (6.3 pages)

Cold Sassy Tree by Olive Ann Burns Essay

- Cold Sassy Tree is a moving novel written by Olive Ann Burns. It is filled with interesting life-like characters that are foils or opposites of each other. Two of the characters are Mary Willis Tweedy and Loma Campbell. Mary Willis and Loma sisters and they are both alike and different in many ways. The same is true for me and my sister Amna. Loma and Mary Willis are very different people but they can be alike and agree on many things. When their father, Rucker Blakeslee, gets married to a woman young enough to be his daughter, just three weeks after his wife dies....   [tags: Cold Sassy Tree Olive Burns]

Free Essays
983 words (2.8 pages)

Essay on Responsibility of the Artist in Faith in a Tree

- Responsibility of the Artist in Faith in a Tree The philosophy found in "Faith in a Tree" deals heavily with responsibility. One of the responsibilities which was explored was the responsibility of the artist. Paley's portrayal of artists in this story is certainly less than flattering. In one of the most thematically important paragraphs, Faith decides, (to summarize a paragraph) "if it's truth and honor you want to refine...let [God] be in charge of beauty....and let man be in charge of Good." (p.89) The comment was given directly after a dialogue in which artists were labeled as speculators; speculators in the sense that they did not "invest" in life, they merely observed....   [tags: Faith in a Tree Essays]

Free Essays
592 words (1.7 pages)

Essay A Tree Grows in Brooklyn

-             A Tree Grows in Brooklyn is an appropriate name for the book. It’s about 7 years of Frances Nolan’s life. The book’s title is highly symbolical and took me several passes through it before I understood it completely. In the beginning of the book the author talks about the “Tree of Heaven”. “No matter where the seed fell, it made a tree which struggled to reach the sky”, is an excerpt from the first page of Book One. Until you finish the book or at least most of it you think the author is talking about a type of tree and the title makes absolutely positively no sense whatsoever because of that....   [tags: A Tree Grows in Brooklyn Essays]

Free Essays
471 words (1.3 pages)

Essay about Senegal: Geographics

- Land and Resources: Most of Senegal's country is consisting of plains, which lie below about 330 feet. The elevations rise to about 1640 feet; this however is only present in the far southeast in the foothills of the Fouta Djallon. Senegal also contains 3 main rivers. Senegal which forms the northern boundary, and the Gambia, Saloum, and Casamance. Climate: Most parts of Senegal alternate between a dry desert climate and a hot moist tropical climate in the south. The rain season in this country last from about July to October in the North with the average amount of rainfall being 14 inches, and from June to October with the average rainfall being 60 inches in the south....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
425 words (1.2 pages)