Chapter 13 Of Patterns Of World History Essay

Chapter 13 Of Patterns Of World History Essay

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The developments in Chapter 13 of Patterns of World History: Volume One: to 1600, spanned the religious civilizations of Korea, Vietnam in Japan whose cultures were greatly influenced by China. First, Korea and China exchanged farming and government techniques as well as the spread of Buddhism. Second, the revolt of the Trung sisters revealed the limited influence Han China had over Vietnam. Lastly, Zen Buddhism’s doctrines appealed to the Samurai class in Japan who followed the strict discipline of Bushido. Ultimately, the civilizations of Korea, Japan and Vietnam each reacted differently to Chinese influence.
China brought agriculture, governmental structure, and Buddhism to the Korean peninsula. The first influences from China was the use of written language predating the first invasion attempt from Qin in China from 221 BCE to 206 BCE (von Sivers, Desnoyers, and Stow 374). Under Han rule China succeeded in briefly controlling much of the Korean peninsula (von Sivers, Desnoyers, and Stow 374-375). However, the Choson of Korea had already adopted various techniques from the Zhou empire. For instance, von Sivers, Desnoyers, and Stow infer that long before the dates of the first Han historical recollections of exchanges with Koreans, the Zhou brought Chinese agricultural techniques and tools, bronze and iron smelting methods, and a wide variety of other methods were brought to Korea (375). By the Fourth Century the fall of the Han Empire allowed the Koreans to push China out of the peninsula, and eventually three Korean Kingdoms emerged which engaged in wars with each other for dominance (von Sivers, Desnoyers, and Stow 376).
Once the Chinese were out of the Korean peninsula the Three Kingdoms began adopting Chinese go...

... middle of paper ...

...warriors was with the use of tea, which was used as an aid for discipline and meditation among monks in the 12th century (von Sivers, Desnoyers, and Stow 393).
Ultimately, Korea, Vietnam, and Japan were influenced by China by either the development of governmental structures or the spread of Buddhism. China brought agricultural and governmental structures, and Buddhism into the Korean peninsula. The Trung Sisters revolt in Vietnam arose from the resistance of Chinese influence in Vietnam, although the revolt was unsuccessful the Vietnamese were able to limit China’s sphere of influence. Japan adopted various governmental structures of China, and the spread of Zen Buddhism especially within Japan’s samurai class. To conclude, the development of the religious civilization of Korea, Vietnam, and Japan were each unique in spite of the prevalence of Chinese influence.

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