In chronicling how the family structure has changed in America, it is important to understanding how family was actually defined. When referencing Leave it to Beaver (further referred to as LITB) times, family took on a substantive definition, or the idea that family was equivalent to relative, or related by blood or law. While this definition of family served the time period, it failed to evolve with society. For that reason, sociologists set out to determine a “more inclusive functionalist definition,” that focuses on what families do. “A functionalist definition of families focuses on how families provide for the physical, social, and emotional needs of individuals and of society as a whole” (Witt). With that, the functionalist perspective identifies six primary functions, which include reproduction, socialization, protection, regulation of sexual behavior, affection and companionship, and...
... middle of paper ...
...Many Kinds of Family Structures in Our Communities." . N.p., n.d. Web. 10 May 2014.
Henslin, James M.. "The Sociological Perspective." Essentials of sociology: a down-to-earth approach. 8th ed. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 2008. . Print.
"Leave It to Beaver." TV.com. TV.com, Web. 10 May 2014.
"Leave It To Beaver FAQ." Leave It To Beaver FAQ. Leaveittobeaver.org. Web. 10 May 2014.
Nolan, Sarah. "Gloria Steinem & The Second Wave of Feminism." YouTube. YouTube, 9 Nov. 2012. Web. 10 May 2014.
"Roe v. Wade in PBS' The Supreme Court." YouTube. YouTube, 1 Dec. 2008. Web. 10 May 2014.
Witt, Jon. SOC 2013. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2013. Print.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The Changing Nature of Family Life The focus of this piece of coursework is the changing nature of family life given the extent of fatherless families in modern Britain. Functionalists such as parsons and Murdock will be researched, as well as the views of Damos and Sapsfors to comment on the impact of fatherless families. My interest in fatherless family stems from my own personal family experience of having divorce parents and living in one parent family headed by my mother.... [tags: Papers, Family Values]
1129 words (3.2 pages)
- For most of us, the family is considered as a well-known and comfortable institution. The perfect model of the ‘ideal’ family is still mostly considered to be consisted from two different sexes’ parents, and one or more children. Until quite recently, the sociology of the family was mostly functionalist and just in the last few decades has been challenged from various directions. There are many different definitions about what the family is. Different theoretical positions influence these variations.... [tags: definition essay about family]
761 words (2.2 pages)
- "A family is a small social group of people related by ancestry or affection, who share common values and goals, who may live together in the same dwelling, and who may participate in the bearing and raising of children. They have a physical or emotional connection with each other that is ongoing" (Vissing, 2011) and is the foundation of all societies. They can be formed by a grouping of father-mother-children or even more complicated combination of relatives. In the primary stage of family life in the United States, everyone from every generation lived together in one house.... [tags: Sociology, Family Values ]
1149 words (3.3 pages)
- ... (2004),for example, conflict between husband and wife, child abuse and male dominance etc. They also pay less attention on the harmful effects the family may have on the wider society. Unlike the Marxists, the functionalists never consider variations in family life based on class, ethnicity, religion and locality. However according to Willmott and Young, the pre-industrial family tended to be nuclear, not extended as claimed by Parsons with parents and children working together in cottage industries such as weaving.... [tags: sociologists, nuclear, feminism]
1186 words (3.4 pages)
- Over time, three main theories have developed to explain social phenomena. While each theory has significant differences, there are points of each one that can help shed light on how society works. While some theories attempt to explain our social reality based on how each part of a society works together, other theories focus on the conflicts in the society, or the interaction between individuals in a society (Kendall, 23). The three classic theories of sociology include the functionalist perspective, conflict perspective, and symbolic interactionist perspective.... [tags: Functionalist and Interactionist Perspectives]
1105 words (3.2 pages)
- The State of the Nuclear Family Nuclear Family- "social units comprising a man and a woman living together with their children, nuclear families are often contrasted with extended families." The first school of thought on this matter is Marxism. Marxism stands for family and community values - though not necessarily the values of the nuclear family. Therefore, Marxism agrees that the Nuclear Family is in decline. The ideals behind Marxism state that: the lower-class 'workers' are employed by the middle and upper class 'owners' and that the workers are encouraged to have children and large families to continue providing cheap labour.... [tags: Functionalism, Marxism, Feminism]
711 words (2 pages)
- There are many criticisms of functionalism and their theories: Ø Functionalist ideas almost portray humans as being autonomous and that only socialisation determines our lives. They do not really see humans as the unpredictable creatures they are, not possible to stray away from the predictable ideas that functionalists have of people. Too much stress is placed on harmony and the potential for conflict and its affects are generally ignored. Ø There is no recognition of difference by class, region or ethnic group.... [tags: Functionalism]
302 words (0.9 pages)
- The Marxist and Functionalist Perspectives on the Family For the purpose of this essay question I will discuss the Marxist and the Functionalist perspectives on the Family. I will compare and contrast them and give a critical analysis of each and place them in historical context as well as modern day. In Britain today there are many different types of families. A social unit living together defines what a family is. The family resembles the core feature of society. Both Marxist and Functionalist perspectives believe the family is what holds society together and helps socialise the future generations.... [tags: Papers Families Society Marxism Functionalism ]
1075 words (3.1 pages)
Discuss the value of understanding sociological approaches to the family in enhancing effective partnerships with families and children’.
- This essay aims to give an overview perspective of three sociological approaches to the family; Functionalist, Marxist and Feminist, how each approach sees society and how each approach perceives the family. Secondly, each perspective will be evaluated and critically analysed. Finally, the values of the theories highlighted in this essay, will be discussed in relation to how, as an early years practitioner I can use this knowledge to improve my practice. According to Taylor et al (2005), the sociology of the family was traditionally governed by functionalist theory which highlights the universal and functional role the family played in society.... [tags: Sociology]
2019 words (5.8 pages)
- In the history of anthropology and sociology, there have been many different social theories. Often these theories are influential for a period of time and then lose popularity once a new, more seductive theory is established. Marxism and functionalism are two examples of social theories that made a grand impact on the anthropological and sociological fields, but have since faded from the forefront. Marxism was established by Karl Marx in the mid-1800s and was later adopted by other theorists, such as Marvin Harris.... [tags: history of anthropology and sociology]
2189 words (6.3 pages)