National Security was founded in 1952. On October 26, 2001 President George W. Bush signed the Patriot Act into U.S. law to protect its Americans by making sure Americas domestic and aerial terrorism was taken care of to ensure the protection of all U.S. citizens. After 9/11 the federal government decided that restrictions on the U.S. had gone too far, as a result of the terrorist attacks, the U.S. proved to be ill-prepared to cope with terrorists attacks on U.S. soil.
The U.S. Supreme Court's first review of the somewhat debated U.S. Patriot Act, specifically involving 18 U.S.C. (United States Code) resulted in a Court declaration of the Act's criminal prevention against providing “material support” to terrorists. That had been challenged on constitutional grounds as violating the First and Fifth Amendment rights to free speech and association, and Due Process Clause against plain in legal terms. In 18 U.S.C. Congress clearly banned the providing of “material support or resources” to certain foreign groups that take part in terrorist activity. The prevention is grounded upon a finding that the stated groups “are so corrupted by their criminal conduct that any involvement to such a group to run interference for that conduct.”
The U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) defines domestic terrorism as terrorism involving groups based in, and operating entirely within, the United States and its territories, without foreign control. The FBI further divides domestic terrorism into three basic categories: right-wing, left-wing, and special-interest terrorism. Terrorist groups in the United States had begun with the foundation of the Ku Klux Klan in 1866. White racist actions remain major contributors to terrorism, b...
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...l plans altogether. With guarantees from President George W. Bush and Homeland Security chief Tom Ridge that air travel was safe; the airline industry staged a public relations campaign to revive its fortunes. Reassuring the public that the skies were once again safe, industry and government officials pointed to upgraded security measures, more active federal administration, and new legislation that would help to prevent further terrorist events. By December traffic at international airports resumed its chaotic pace around the busy holiday travel season; although the number of passengers was still down, it appeared that the public was once again flying and that fear had been replaced by attention. All of this progress would be called into question however with the curious and potentially devastating hijacking/bombing attempt by Richard C. Reid on December 22, 2001.
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