The book Changes in the Land: Indians, Colonists, and the Ecology of New England by William Cronon tends to generally explain how and why changes took place within the New England communities, affecting plants, animals and the people of its community and, and how these changes seemed to inter affect each other, all due to changes from an Indian to an European style of dominance. This seemed to show overall that the ecological system could be affected by changes the people within it may make. Which tends to bring Cronon’s thesis to light being the shift from Indian to European influence in New England was due to vital changes that constituted the way its people seemed to organize and reorganize their lives within the communities.
Although New England’s climate and its seasonal cycle remained similar to that of England. Early descriptions of the kind of environment the settlers encountered were mostly at the coastline area. The settlers were surprised with what they saw. They figured out on the overall that the New England was so endowed with natural resources like untamed animal and plant life. New England possessed thick forests that seemed abnormal to the settlers because back in England, there were hardly landscapes like this, since most forests where exhausted from the use of its timber as fuel. There was also the absence of domestic animals which looked weird to the settlers. This ended up being a determinant factor in how New England practiced agriculture.
The New England settlers still remained shocked at the fact that the Indians looked poverty stricken notwithstanding the surplus in abundance of these natural resources. As values towards life for both Indians and European settlers varied, it seemed to affect the op...
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... economical or environmental: dandelion, the fence, the arrival of pigs etc was just an eye opener to to bring to light the complex process and changes brought about due to the arrival of the Europeans to America. Meanwhile these complex changes and in general the European colonization cannot be well understood except through understanding the effects of New England Indians and Europeans on their ecosystem. The book also goes on to show the genesis of the environmental problems of New England eg erosions, deforestation, and climate changes; which are but of a few factors we still have to deal with till today. This book indeed acomplish the authors thesis. I recommend this book because it seems to really prove how what the present generation does today may affect the our environment, the next generation or future; a good example being the talk about climate change.
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- Although the colonial history of New England has been thoroughly researched and taught across all levels of educational institutes across the United States, the study of its environmental history often takes a backseat to America’s complex and enthralling social and political history. This trend has been abating in recent decades, given that more Americans have taken an interest in their environment and conservation, and in response to this new demand the field of environmental history was initiated by historians like William Cronon, who explores the changes in the New England environment under the stewardship of Native Americans and European colonist in Changes in the Land: Indians, Colonis... [tags: Ecology]
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