The Change Of Divorce Rate Essay

The Change Of Divorce Rate Essay

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There are two primary but opposite opinions regarding the change of divorce rate in the U.S. Since 1980, while vital statistics showed that divorce rate declined by about 20%, some studies found a substantial continuity in marital instability. In order to identify which opinion is correct, the authors aimed to 1) evaluate both vital statistics and retrospective surveys (the Current Population Survey (CPS), the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP), the American Community Survey (ACS)) that are previously used to measure divorce rate, and 2) to explore the “real trends” in marital instability in the U.S. by using ACS data.
To begin with, researchers evaluated vital records by reviewing its history of the methods used to collect data. They found that due to inadequate funding, incomplete state-report, and changeable departments that take the responsibility, the quality of collected data is significantly unstable, which is incomplete and questionable for almost a half of years after 1876. However, given that vital statistics revealed substantial under-report, it actually provides a lower baseline of divorce rate for all following comparison in this study.
Next, the authors focused on CPS and selected data sample from 4 years—1980, 1985, 1990 and 1995. In the comparison between CPS and vital statistics, researchers found that while 1990 and 1995 CPS data closely match vital records, data from 1980 and 1985 in CPS were 20% lower than that from same years in vital records, which suggests that from the general perspective, CPS data is inaccurate, even if it has some improvement between 1985 and 1990.
Then, by using data sample from four specific years as well (i.e. 1986, 1996, 2004, 2008), SIPP, the primary source of divorc...


... middle of paper ...


...ta sources that excludes older couples.
Overall, this research study has limitations. The authors did not offer background information about retrospective surveys, as well as rationales for why they selected certain year sample from CPS and SIPP. Furthermore, some graphs utilized in the paper are ineffective, which brought about to difficulties for understanding. However, it also has advantages. Via the throughout review and evaluation towards all avavible data source options, outcomes achieved effectively provide government as well as researchers useful information concerning further advancement and data selection. It also uses compelling evidence and statistics to revise the incorrect recognition about the divorce trend in the U.S. after 1980 through, which is able to raise public awareness of marital instability and to direct more funding to resolve this issue.

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