There are many recurring reasons that changes occurs in law enforcement agencies. The book outlines 8 reasons that change occurs. The 8 reasons are as follow:
1. A single catastrophic event, often followed by civil liability litigation, leads to the chief of police being replaced (Swanson, 2012, pg. 650). This forces changes because it addresses a single incident and forces change. A good example of this would be the failure to adequately respond to an incident. This can be seen when an incident unarmed person is killed by the police. This can be a result of inadequate training or a trigger happy force. None the less the reason, the community and high up administration want justice and thus sometimes come in the form of change agent or decision maker, e.g. the police chief.
2. A new mayor is elected and the current chief is replaced with one of the newly elected mayors own choosing. The new mayor may bring his or her own vision of how the agency should be organized and operated (Swanson, 2012, pg. 650). This can ultimately lead to the dismissal of the current police chief because the new chief is better fitted ti implement changes that are consistent with the new mayor’s political and philosophical vision of governance (Swanson, 2012, pg. 651).
3. A key political figure suffers a major embarrassment and feels the law enforcement agency is to blame, resulting in the chief being forced out (Swanson, 2012, pg. 651). A good example of this would be a tremendous embarrassment that is publicizes and leads the political figure with a sense of disloyalty or support. The embarrassment alone can become a reason for change to occur in law...
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... is a function of their perceptions of the extent to which their agency is prepared for such a change (Swanson, 2012, pg. 664). This model bases receptivity to change on the actual structure of an organization. An officer may show receptiveness based on the agencies readiness as it pertains to adequate training, resource distribution, reorganization and administration commitment. These are all important aspects to consider when trying to determine and outline change resistance amongst an agency.
In order to accomplish organizational change the police manager needs to have the will as well and skills to determine when change is necessary and also to properly embrace the opportunity to implement the change.
Swanson, C.R. (2012) Police administration: structures, processes, and behavior/Charles Swanson, Leonard Territo, Robert W. Taylor -8th ed.
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