To examine the research questions, 1) What are the challenges that young Spanish-Speaking newcomer students encounter in their schooling Journey as they adapt to schooling in U.S. mainland? 2) What are the effective educational practices that support the academic success of young Spanish-speaking newcomers? a qualitative case study approach was selected as the research design. Qualitative research approaches begin with a theoretical framework, take place in the subject(s) natural environment(s) and use flexible methods in order to adapt to the outcomes of the study. The case study approach involves collecting a variety of data from sources by conducting open-ended interviews, observations, personal communication, and analysis of the data collected. Yin (2014) indicates that this unique feature of case studies provide latitude when collecting information from participants when the objective is to gather robust data to examine the research questions. The use of multiple sources allows for corroboration of the data collected. Case studies give insight to researchers on entangled, factual, current social issues (Creswell, 2013; Yin, 2014). Additionally, a qualitative case study approach enables researchers to view issues with depth from the participants’ point of view (Greig & Taylor, 1999).
Once the data is collected, it is read multiple times and categorized into themes in order to find patterns. By coding the data and identifying patterns, the analysis process brings together the different points of view by analyzing the relationships and the interactions among these data enabling the researcher to construct a broad view of the issue under study. Creswell (2013) further indicates that:
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Interviews. All three participants were interviewed at different stages of the study. Interviews included debriefing interviews with each participant to corroborate or clarify some of the observations made during the classroom visits. Open-ended questions as well as questions to obtain specific information were asked during the interviews. Decisions about the research questions were made based on observations, information previously provided, and the participants’ background. Additionally, interviews were recorded and transcribed, as these offered rich data.
Physical artifacts. Physical artifacts were collected or observed during classroom and home visits. These artifacts included pictures of materials and student work and observations of items for academic support in the classroom. Physical artifacts support the data collected during observations and interviews.
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