There are several aspects of cervical cancer that females need information about. First they need to know the risk factors and what kinds of cervical cancer there are. They also need to know the screenings they should be getting and the treatments that are available when positive screening is diagnosed. Some of the risk factors are an abnormal Pap, HPV infection, cigarette smoking, low SES, obesity, long term use of oral contraceptive and becoming sexually active at an early age. An abnormal Pap is one of the first signs that a woman has something wrong. Women need to make sure that they go to their gynecologist. HPV strains which cause cervical cancer can be 16, 18, 31, and 45. The strains can come from having unprotected sex or being a young person having sex with more than one person. “Early cervical cancer rarely produce any symptoms. If symptoms are present, they may go unnoticed as thin watery vaginal discharge often noticed after intercourse or douching. When symptoms such as discharge, irregular bleeding, or pain or bleeding after sexual intercourse occur, the disease may be advanced. Advanced disease should not occur if all women have access to gynecologic care and avail themselves of it. In...
... middle of paper ...
Frazier, M. S., & Drymkowski, J. W. (2013). Essentials of human diseases and conditions. (5th ed., pp. 630-632). St. Louis Missouri: Elsevier Saunders.
Nelson, W., Moser, R. P., Gaffey, A., & Waldron, W. (2009). Adherence to cervical cancer screening guidelines for u.s. women aged 25-64: Data from the 2005 health information national trends survey (hints). Journal of women's health, 18(11), 1759-1768. doi: 10.1089/jwh.2009.1430
Cooper, C. P. P., Polonec, L., & Gelb, C. A. (2011). Women's knowledge and awareness of gynecologic cancer: a multisite qualitative study in the united states. Journal of Women's Health, 20(4), 517-524. doi: 10.1089/jwh.2011.2765
Adegoke, O., Kulasingam, S., & Virnig, B. (2012). Cervical cancer trends in the united states: a35-year population-based analysis. Journal of Women's Health, 21(10), 1031-1037. doi: 10.1089/jwh.2011.3385
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- HPV & Cervical Cancer - What Every Woman Should Know I was eighteen years old when I had my first abnormal pap smear. I received a call from my OB/GYN's office and was informed that I had the Human Papilloma Virus show up on my pap smear. This was the first pap smear I had ever had, and I was terrified. The news got worse. I researched this virus and learned that it was actually a sexually transmitted disease that could either cause cervical cancer, or genital warts. I didn’t understand, I had been with my boyfriend for five years and he was my first partner.... [tags: HPV Cancer, Cervical Cancer]
2544 words (7.3 pages)
- Cervical Cancer Screaming Cervical cancer is the second most frequently diagnosed type of cancer and the third leading cause of cancer-associated death in women. Mayo Clinic, various strains of human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted disease play a big role in causing most cervical cancers (Mayo clinic Staff, 2016). When exposed to HPV most woman’s immune system typically prevents the virus from doing harm. However in a small group of women, however, the virus survives for years, contributing to the process that causes some cells on the cervix to become cancer cells.... [tags: Cancer, Oncology, Cervical cancer, Lung cancer]
819 words (2.3 pages)
- Human papillomavirus (HPV) a non-enveloped virus accounted as the most important causative agent of cervical cancer worldwide with more than 45,000 diagnosed cases annually (1). Even after establishment of encouraging vaccine platforms for it,s prevention due to shortages of this supplements the infection rate remained accelerating in developing country. Yet, more than 100 types of HPV distinguished by genetic analysis among them types 16 and 18 belonged to definite carcinogens group are responsible for more than 62% and 15% of cervical cancers respectively(2, 3).... [tags: Cervical cancer, TLR, human papillomavirus]
1434 words (4.1 pages)
- Cervical cancer, also called cervical carcinoma, develops from abnormal cells on the surface of the cervix (McKesson Clinical...). The cervix connects the vagina and the uterus. During birth, the cervix dilates and allows a baby to pass from the womb to the birth canal (Hixson, 37). Sadly, cervical cancer used to be the common cause of cancer deaths in women, but fatalities greatly reduced since the development of the Pap smear in the 1930s (American Cancer...). Early diagnosis and treatment of cervical cancer may increase the possibility of pregnancy.... [tags: HPV Cancer, Cervical Cancer]
642 words (1.8 pages)
- Cervical cancer malignant cancer of the cervix uteris or cervical area. It may present with vaginal bleeding but symptoms may be absent until the cancer is in its advanced stages, which has made cervical cancer the focus of intense screening efforts using the Pap smear. About 2.2 percent of women carry one of the 2 virus strains most likely to lead to cervical cancer. One of the symptoms of Cervical Cancer is very Unusual amount of discharge. Treatment consists of surgery in early stages and chemotherapy and radiotherapy in advanced stages of the disease.... [tags: HPV Cancer, Cervical Cancer]
1059 words (3 pages)
- Cervical cancer is the second foremost occurring cancer in women after breast cancer. Cervical cancer is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the human papillomavirus, or HPV. Infection by HPV typically occurs in the early years of sexual activity according to the World Health Organization (WHO), but it can take up to a full twenty years for it to develop into a full-blown malignant tumor. Scientists believe that for all intents and purposes all cervical cancer cases are caused by infection with a few types of cancer.... [tags: HPV Cancer, Cervical Cancer]
2861 words (8.2 pages)
- Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer among women and the leading cause of death among women in underdeveloped countries. In fact, 500,000 cases are diagnosed each year worldwide. This particular cancer is found mainly in middle-aged to older women; it is very rare to find it in women age fifteen and younger. The average age of women with cervical cancer is age 50-55; however, the cancer begins to appear in women in their twenties (2). It is also found in women of lower-class areas, as they are not able to see a gynecologist to be screened.... [tags: HPV Cancer, Cervical Cancer]
1366 words (3.9 pages)
- indigenous Australians. The incidence rate of cervical cancer also higher among Indigenous females as it is reported that they are 2.8 times higher live with cervical cancer and 3.9 times death rate from cervical cancer than non-Indigenous females. Indigenous female are less likely to attend cervical screening may be a contributing factor in the higher rates in Indigenous females. According to the cancer database created by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2013a, p.15), the Indigenous population is 1.9 times more likely to be diagnosed with lung cancer and non-Indigenous Australians are 30% more likely to develop prostate cancer than Indigenous Australians.... [tags: Cancer, Metastasis, Epidemiology]
1242 words (3.5 pages)
- Cervical cancer has a major impact on women’s lives; it is the second most common cause of cancer-related diseases and death among women worldwide. According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (2010), cervical cancer is the cancer that forms in tissues of the cervix. The cervix is the lower, narrow end of the uterus that connects the vagina to the upper part of the uterus. Cervical cancer is a slow-growing cancer that may not cause any symptoms at first but may cause pelvic pain or bleeding from the vagina later.... [tags: Women's Health]
2117 words (6 pages)
- Cervical cancer is the type of cancer that forms in the cervix tissue in women. The cervix is the organ which connects the uterus and the vagina. There are multiple causes for cervical cancer. These causes include: HPV, smoking, immunosuppression, chlamydial infection, diet, oral contraceptives, intrauterine device use, multiple full term pregnancies, young at a first full term pregnancy, poverty, diethylstilbestrol, and a family history of cervical cancer. The most important risk factor for cervical cancer is the Human Papillomavirus, also known as, HPV.... [tags: Infection, Sexually Transmitted Disease]
1193 words (3.4 pages)