Cerebrovascular Accident: Attack of the Brain
October 24, 2014
Gulf Coast State College
Cerebrovascular Accident: Attack of the Brain
Cerebrovascular accident can be termed numerous things: cardiovascular accident, CVA, stroke, brain attack and many others. The most common name for a cerebrovascular accident is “stroke.” A cerebrovascular accident can occurs when, “the blood supply to the brain is blocked or when a blood vessel in the brain ruptures” (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014). The detrimental damage of a stroke happens when the brain is deprived of blood supply or bleeding into the brain tissues, causing cell death (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014). The etiological factors, predisposing factors, medical management, and specifically dental management are important information when analyzing the severity and recovery of a stroke; these topics will be discussed throughout the body of this paper.
The etiological factors can be broken down into two main categories. Etiology is broken down due to the cause of the stroke, either ischemic or hemorrhagic. An ischemic stroke, meaning the lessening of blood flow, can be broken down into two subcategories: thrombosis or embolism. An ischemic stroke caused by a thrombosis which is “a clot within a blood vessel of the brain or neck closes or occludes the vessel and shuts off the oxygen supply to the portion of the brain supplied by that vessel…” (Wyche, p. 890). An ischemic stroke caused by an embolism is “ a blood vessel is blocked by a clot or other material carried through the circulation from another part of the body” (Wyche, p. 890). A hemorrhagic stroke is caused when “a cerebral blood vessel may rupture a...
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Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics. (2013, December 8). American Heart Association . Retrieved October 25, 2014, from http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=1200026
Hemiplegia - Children 's Hemiplegia & Stroke Association. (2007). Childrens Hemiplegia Stroke Association. Retrieved October 24, 2014, from http://www.chasa.org/medical/hemiplegia
Stroke Educational Materials for Health Professionals. (2014, March 17). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved October 24, 2014, from http://www.cdc.gov/stroke/materials_for_professionals
Wyche, C. J. (2013). The Patient With a Physical Impairment. In Wilkins, E. M. Clinical Practice of the Dental Hygienist. (11th ed., p. 890-892). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer.
Xerostomia. (2011, May 12). Oral Cancer Foundation. Retrieved October 24, 2014, from http://www.oralcancerfoundation.org/com
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