The central nervous system, being made up of the brain and spinal cord, is crucial for communication throughout the body. In a properly functioning central nervous system, there are neurons that assist in this communication be perceiving and sensing information, then sharing it with the brain, allowing the body to make normal functioning movements. Neurons are made up of axons (nerve fibers), dendrites, and a cell body. The dendrites receive information and the axons then send the information back to the brain or spinal cord by what is called nerve impulses (Butler, Lewis, Shier, 2013, p. 363). The axons are coated with myelin, which is made up of proteins and lipids that protect the axons or nerve fibers. (Butler et al, 2013, p. 365). This communication allows the brain to tell other parts of the body (like muscles) what to do and when to do it, providing the body with normal functioning for the everyday movements that must occur. Damage to this perfect balance can alter how the body moves and functions.
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a progressing condition where the communication between the brain, spinal cord, and other parts of the body has been destroyed. It is thought to be a disease of the immune system, where it actually attacks the body’s central nervous system, although the exact substance within the immune system that causes this condition has yet to be determined (National Multiple Sclerosis Society, n.d.). The myelin that surrounds the nerve fibers is destroyed, leaving them with no protection. Without the myelin, the cell has no way to communicate to other parts of the body, such as other cells and most importantly, lack of communication with the brain. There are different types of Multiple Sclerosis....
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...the use of water to carry out exercises, treatments, rehabilitation, and much more (Aquatic Physical Therapy Section, 2015). This can be a way for the person with MS to participate in treatments and exercises without having the weight of the body restricting them or causing pain. The water is also a supportive mechanism, especially for those people who have lost the ability to walk, providing a way for them to engage in activities they would not normally be able to do (Aquatic Physical Therapy Section, 2015).
Multiple Sclerosis can be an incredibly debilitation pathology in some cases. With lose of important functions, participation in normal, everyday activities can be extremely difficult. Fortunately, there are several ways in which the physical therapist can aid in assisting the person to reach their maximum level of independence, improving their quality of life.
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- Multiple Sclerosis The central nervous system, being made up of the brain and spinal cord, is crucial for communication throughout the body. In a properly functioning central nervous system, there are neurons that assist in this communication be perceiving and sensing information, then sharing it with the brain, allowing the body to make normal functioning movements. Neurons are made up of axons (nerve fibers), dendrites, and a cell body. The dendrites receive information and the axons then send the information back to the brain or spinal cord by what is called nerve impulses (Butler, Lewis, Shier, 2013, p.... [tags: Nervous system, Neuron, Multiple sclerosis]
1269 words (3.6 pages)
- Multiple Sclerosis is a disease of the brain and central nervous system that is potentially disabling. Multiple Sclerosis, commonly called MS, is a disease where the immune system attacks to protective myelin sheaths that cover the nerve fibers, which causes communication problems between the brain and the rest of the body. The disease can cause the nerves themselves to be damaged, either temporarily or, in some cases, permanently. MS is a disease that has the natural tendency to remit spontaneously.... [tags: Nervous system, Neuron, Myelin, Axon]
1103 words (3.2 pages)
A Comparison of Guillain Barre Syndrome and Multiple Sclerosis Related to Central and Peripheral Nervous Pathologies
- Background Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease affecting the myelination of the central nervous system, leading to numerous issues regarding muscle strength, coordination, balance, sensation, vision, and even some cognitive defects. Unfortunately, the etiology of MS is not known, however, it is generally thought of and accepted as being an autoimmune disorder inside of the central nervous system (Rietberg, et al. 2004). According to a study (Noonan, et al. 2010) on the prevalence of MS, the disease affects more than 1 million people across the world, and approximately 85% of those that are affected will suffer from unpredictably occurring sessions of exacerbations and remissions.... [tags: nervous system disorder]
2431 words (6.9 pages)
- Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an acquired demyelinating disease of the central nervous system (CNS) that typically is diagnosed in the second or third decade of life. Normally, nerves are enclosed in myelin sheaths that help facilitate transmission of nerve impulses within the CNS and the peripheral nervous system throughout the body. In patients with MS, the myelin sheath is damaged and eventually degenerates, causing patches of scar tissue called plaques or lesions to occur anywhere randomly on the myelin sheath (Ruto, 2013).... [tags: central nervous system, diagnosis]
1046 words (3 pages)
- ... Another negative factor affecting her condition was the fact that she was sharing our house with her ex-husband with whom she had had an extremely unsettling marriage. This was disturbing her to such an extent that she even called the house “a curse” in the interview. During this hardship, she was always seeking understanding at her church, her friends and her priest. With their help, she managed to gather the courage and move away from the house and from her partner to live with me on her own.... [tags: disease of the central nervous system]
2189 words (6.3 pages)
- Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the central nervous system. MS is a common neurological degenerative disorder and can be debilitating in some people. MS is known for its combination of remission times and its times of relapsing. Many people with MS live well with the disease and learn to adapt to their bodies new challenges. Typically, when a person is hospitalized for his or her MS disorder, the crisis is related to the secondary complications of the disease. For example, later in the disease process some patients can become fatigued more easily and are not able to move around as good as they once could.... [tags: inflamatory disease of the central nervous system]
905 words (2.6 pages)
- Multiple sclerosis is a progressive disease affecting the central nervous sytem, causing various forms of sensory and motor disturbances. It is a long term condition, in which symptoms can wax and wane. Relapses are common and progression of the disease may result in various complications. Interferon treatment may help slow the progression of multiple sclerosis and prolong intervals between relapses. What is Multiple Sclerosis. Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune condition where the body attacks the myelin covering of its nerves and brain tissue.... [tags: disease, central nervous system]
953 words (2.7 pages)
- Part I: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is an age-related disorder which results in rapid, selective deterioration of motor neurons of the central nervous system. ALS was first described by Jean-Martin Charcot in the 1870s and is the most common motor neuron disease, with an incidence of 2 per 100,000 people. It predominantly includes primary lateral sclerosis, a disease restricted to upper motor neurons and progressive muscular atrophy, which is limited to lower motor neurons. The onset of the disease is typically first observed in limb and bulbar muscles, eventually spreading into respiratory myotomes, followed by respiratory failure.... [tags: motor neurons, central nervous system]
1888 words (5.4 pages)
- Steeno Burris HPE 110-A Multiple Sclerosis Implications and Treatment In the US, the number of people with Multiple Sclerosis is estimated to be about 400,000, with approximately 10,000 new cases diagnosed every year. Sclerosis is defined as “a hardening or induration of a tissue or part, or an increase of connective tissue or the like at the expense of more active tissue.” Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease that affects the Central Nervous System. With an autoimmune disease, the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks its own tissue and organs.... [tags: Multiple sclerosis, Nervous system, Symptoms]
1799 words (5.1 pages)
- #### change the name #######Structure of the Neuron: The nervous system is a composed of billions of cells called, Neurons. These cells deliver messages and signals from the Central Nervous System (Brain and Spinal Cord), to the rest of the body. The Neuron is found on the Central and Peripheral Nervous Systems (CVS, PVS) and they are especially designed to transmit and receive messages quickly and efficiently. (1) The main parts of the neuron are, the cell body, dendrites, axons, terminal Buttons, and the Myelin Sheath.... [tags: neurons, signal and messages, body]
1407 words (4 pages)