Essay about The Central Nervous System And Multiple Sclerosis

Essay about The Central Nervous System And Multiple Sclerosis

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Multiple Sclerosis
The central nervous system, being made up of the brain and spinal cord, is crucial for communication throughout the body. In a properly functioning central nervous system, there are neurons that assist in this communication be perceiving and sensing information, then sharing it with the brain, allowing the body to make normal functioning movements. Neurons are made up of axons (nerve fibers), dendrites, and a cell body. The dendrites receive information and the axons then send the information back to the brain or spinal cord by what is called nerve impulses (Butler, Lewis, Shier, 2013, p. 363). The axons are coated with myelin, which is made up of proteins and lipids that protect the axons or nerve fibers. (Butler et al, 2013, p. 365). This communication allows the brain to tell other parts of the body (like muscles) what to do and when to do it, providing the body with normal functioning for the everyday movements that must occur. Damage to this perfect balance can alter how the body moves and functions.
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a progressing condition where the communication between the brain, spinal cord, and other parts of the body has been destroyed. It is thought to be a disease of the immune system, where it actually attacks the body’s central nervous system, although the exact substance within the immune system that causes this condition has yet to be determined (National Multiple Sclerosis Society, n.d.). The myelin that surrounds the nerve fibers is destroyed, leaving them with no protection. Without the myelin, the cell has no way to communicate to other parts of the body, such as other cells and most importantly, lack of communication with the brain. There are different types of Multiple Sclerosis....


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...the use of water to carry out exercises, treatments, rehabilitation, and much more (Aquatic Physical Therapy Section, 2015). This can be a way for the person with MS to participate in treatments and exercises without having the weight of the body restricting them or causing pain. The water is also a supportive mechanism, especially for those people who have lost the ability to walk, providing a way for them to engage in activities they would not normally be able to do (Aquatic Physical Therapy Section, 2015).
Multiple Sclerosis can be an incredibly debilitation pathology in some cases. With lose of important functions, participation in normal, everyday activities can be extremely difficult. Fortunately, there are several ways in which the physical therapist can aid in assisting the person to reach their maximum level of independence, improving their quality of life.

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Essay about The Central Nervous System And Multiple Sclerosis

- Multiple Sclerosis The central nervous system, being made up of the brain and spinal cord, is crucial for communication throughout the body. In a properly functioning central nervous system, there are neurons that assist in this communication be perceiving and sensing information, then sharing it with the brain, allowing the body to make normal functioning movements. Neurons are made up of axons (nerve fibers), dendrites, and a cell body. The dendrites receive information and the axons then send the information back to the brain or spinal cord by what is called nerve impulses (Butler, Lewis, Shier, 2013, p....   [tags: Nervous system, Neuron, Multiple sclerosis]

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