Alliances were a huge “trend” that surfaced in the late ninetieth century. Many countries were finding peace and development within their land, like Germany. Chancellor Otto von Bismarck built up Germany to such a stature that he needed to protect his new creation. He decided the best way to ensure great protection over his country would be to build alliances with surrounding European countries. Germany eventually became allies with Austria-Hungary and Italy; known as the Triple Alliance. A few years after these alliances, Germany wanted to become allies with a long-lost enemy called, Russia. The treaty with Russia was to last five years and would be renewed upon approval of Germany and Russia. When the five years arrived, Bismarck had previously been pushed into retirement and Kaiser Wilhelm was to make this decision as ruler of Germany. Kaiser Wilhelm believed that the alliance with Russia was unnecessary, and he did not renew the Reinsurance Treaty.
France saw the decision of Kaiser Wilhelm as a opportunity to make mends with Russia. France’s army was no match for Germany in the Franco- Prussian War and the alliances that Germany was creating, scared the French. Russia did not instantaneously join an alliance with France when their wooing began, this being a specific example of realpolitik. But, eventually Russia gave in and created an alli...
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...ermany received in the following 20 years. In 1940, Adolph Hitler made the French sign his treaty in the same railroad car France made Germany sign theirs; showing the hatred Germany acquired towards France.
World War I had many effects on Western society. There were over 40 million causalities including soldiers and civilians. The war made a huge economic impact due to the expenses disbursed and the more involved role governments now play in economic policy. Many social effects took place such as women liberation. Women served in men jobs and would eventually gain suffrage. There were also many effects toward the past psychological and philosophical beliefs. The Enlightenment created liberalism which was very optimistic and progress based. But, after World War I skepticism and sinicism replaced optimism. In conclusion, World War I greatly altered Western society.
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