What is language death? Campbell (1994:1961) as cited in Janse, M and Tol, S (2003) describes language death as the loss of a language due to gradual shift in the dominant language. Language death sounds stark and to say language death is like saying a person is dying (Crystal, D:2000, 1). It is a protracted change of a state (Mufwene, SS: 2004, 204). What are endangered languages? They are languages that are in the process of dying (Janse, M; Tol, S:2003). They are languages that exist under the shadow of a dominant language and are on the verge of becoming extinct (Lewis, M et al: 2014). Endangered languages are a serious concern in which linguists have turned their attention too (Lewis, M et al: 2014). The death and endangerment of languages across the world is a major concern among linguists and anthropologists (Crystal, D:2000).
Languages cannot be issued with birth and death certificates. The relevant process is protracted spanning several generations (Mufwene, SS: 2004, 204). When the topic of language birth is brought up upon, this involves no pregnancy or delivery stages. This in fact refers to a process in time where a variety of knowledge is acknowl...
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...rles D. Fennig(eds). 2014. Ethnology: Languages of the world, Seventeenth edition. http://www.ethnologue.com/endangered-languages . Downloaded on the 4 May 2014
Mufwene, SS. 2014.Language birth and death. www.researchgate.net/...Mufwene/...birth.../9c96052334fcb088c5.pdf . Downloaded on the 4 May 2014
Prof Fishman, J 1991, . Reversing language shift: theoretical and empirical foundations of assistance to threatened languages. Retrieved from http://books.google.co.za/books?id=ah1QwYzi3c4C&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false
Tsunoda, T .2006, Language endangerment and language revitalisation. Retrieved from http://books.google.co.za/books?hl=en&lr=&id=qVAgAAAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PR5&dq=campbell+1994+causes+of+language+death&ots=02B694MesI&sig=kN6vPvs-_jf171tTNewSv-XsSow#v=onepage&q=campbell%201994%20causes%20of%20language%20death&f=false
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