Causes and Effects of Anticommunist Sentiment in the Cold War Essay

Causes and Effects of Anticommunist Sentiment in the Cold War Essay

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Since the Russian Revolution in 1905, the world housed suspicions regarding communism. These suspicions grew through both World War I, blossoming into a direct confrontation between Communist Russia and Capitalist America. Following the acts of World War II, the Cold War erupted. During the Cold War, United States foreign policy grew gradually aggressive, reflecting the public sentiment.
The American anticommunist attitude began in 1919, with the Red Scare. In 1917, Russia experienced the culmination of multiple social revolutions as the Bolsheviks seized control of the government. Discarding the old Russia, the Bolsheviks ushered in an era of communism under Marxist philosophy. The world responded with suspicion and a healthy dose of hostility. Little over a year later, the United States experienced a crisis as mail-bombs detonated in eight separate cities. Even though they were less than 70,000 professed communists in the Untied States, they attracted the full weight of public ire. Mitchell Palmer, the leader of this anticommunist crusade, believed that communism was eating its way into the homes of the American workman stating: “tongues of revolutionary heat were licking the alters of the churches, leaping into the belfry of the school bell, crawling into the sacred corners of American homes, seeking to replace marriage vows with libertine laws, burning up the foundations of society,” (The Palmer Raids). The Palmer Raids peaked in December 1919, when Palmer arrested 249 resident communist aliens and deported them to the Soviet Union. Essentially, the Red Scare nurtured American fear of communism and created initial hostility between Communist Russia and the United States.
Then the Great Depression buried anticommunist outcr...


... middle of paper ...


...he globe to halt its spread. From initial fear to hatred, the United States gradually adopted its cold warrior mentality championing capitalism and free government for the world as the victors of the Cold War.



Works Cited

Gladdis, John Lewis, and John D. Schulzinger. "Cold War." Cold War. Eleanor Roosevelt Project, n.d. Web. 04 Mar. 2014. .
"The Palmer Raids." Between the Wars: The Red Scare. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Mar. 2014. .
Zinn, Howard. "A People's War?" Howard Zinn's A People's History. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Mar. 2014. .
Zinn, Howard. "The Truman Doctrine." The Truman Doctrine. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Mar. 2014. ..

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