In the Civil War, more Americans died that in all the other wars that the United States has fought combined. The war was a long and bloody ordeal that was fought mainly over the problem of slavery and its legality. Thought the war was very interesting, the causes of it are also just as interesting and just as important. Some of the main causes of the Civil War are the Louisiana Purchase and Mexican Cession/Gadsden Purchase, Missouri Compromise and Compromise of 1850, and the Dredd Scott decision and other court rulings pertaining to the powers of state and federal governments.
Surprisingly, the Louisiana Purchase and the Mexican Cession/Gadsden Purchase actually played a large role in the cause of the Civil War. When the United States bought Louisiana for $15 million on May 2, 1803, its geographical area nearly doubled. At the time, President Jefferson said that he hoped the new land would provide “a wide-spread field for the blessings of freedom”, but later, the land ended up providing a battleground for the fight between slavery supporters and abolitionists. The same thing happened with the Mexican Cession and the Gadsden Purchase. After the Mexican-American War, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo stated the Mexico would give up its claims to its northern lands, including modern day California, Nevada, Utah, and some of Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, and Wyoming. The issue of slavery escalated quickly in these lands, as Mexico had outlawed slavery when the lands belonged to Mexico, but they were potentially open to slavery now that they were part of the United States. Soon after the Mexican Cession, James Gadsden purchased more land in the southern portions of modern day Arizona and New Mexico, potential...
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...ng affected the Civil War because it was this concept of federal law overpowering state law that angered southerners who wanted to allow slavery, even though many northern politicians in the federal government hoped to prohibit it. This caused further division between the north and the south, which eventually led to the South’s secession from the Union and the start of the Civil War.
In conclusion, the main causes of the Civil War are the Louisiana Purchase and Mexican Cession, which opened new lands to slavery, the Missouri Compromise and the Compromise of 1850, which further divided the nation, and the Dred Scott decision, which opened up slavery to the whole nation. These main events and others like them lead to the Civil War, one in which brothers fought brothers and sons fought fathers, all because of people wanting to own other humans for their own benefit.
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