The Cathedrals of Cefalu and Monreale Essay

:: 19 Works Cited
Length: 2165 words (6.2 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Green      
Open Document

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Roger II created a Norman kingdom in Sicily that is noted for its tolerance. It was considered rare that a kingdom contained religious diversity in relative harmony with each other, but this kingdom was known for its relative harmony. This kingdom was continued by his grandson, William II. He was the last of the direct Norman d’Hauteville line to rule Sicily. This paper will examine two cathedrals: Cefalu, (built by Roger II), and Monreale, (built by William II). These cathedrals are bookends to the Norman reign of the d’Hauteville in Sicily. They were both designed to be dynastic burial sites for the d’Hauteville Family. Roger II and his heirs desired to show themselves as heirs to the Davidic Monarchy in The Bible. The building and mosaic program at Cefalu and Monreale visually established them as rulers outside of the authority and tradition of the Roman papacy. This was accomplished through the use of legends, mosaic programs, representing themselves as receiving authority from God without the need for intercession by the clergy, and the melding of an ethnically and religiously diverse culture.
Roger II used miraculous events to influence public opinion and create a rationale for the creation of the cathedral at Cefalu. William II also used miraculous events to influence public opinion and create a rationale for the establishment of the cathedral at Monreale. In the establishment of Cefalu and Monreale the use of miraculous events explain the reasoning for the building of these cathedrals. These stories of the miraculous become legends that are used by both kings and bishops in relationship to the cathedrals. These legends give credence to the need to establish kingship or curb the power of a...

... middle of paper ...

...les E. "Builders, Patrons, and Identity: The Domed Basilicas of Sicily and Calabria." Gesta 43, no. 2 (2004): 99-114.

Norwich, John Julius. The Normans in Sicily: The Normans in the South 1016-1130 And, The Kingdom in the Sun 1130-1194. London: Penguin, 1992.

Runeiman, Steven. "Sicily: An Introduction." Mediterranean Studies 5 (1955): 1-5.

Sheppard, Carl D., Jr. "Iconography of the Cloister of Monreale." The Art Bulletin 31, no. 3 (1949): 159-69.

Sheppard, Carl D., Jr. "A Stylistic Analysis of the Cloister of Monreale." The Art Bulletin 34, no. 1 (1952): 35-41.

Takayama, Hiroshi. "Central Power and Multi-Cultural Elements at the Norman Court of Sicily." Mediterranean Studies 12 (2003): 1-15.

Tronzo, William. The Cultures of His Kingdom: Roger II and the Cappella Palatina in Palermo. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1997.

Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

This essay is 100% guaranteed.

Title Length Color Rating  
Essay about Luxurious Gothic Cathedrals vs. Helping Those in Need - Throughout history, humans have made magnificent works of art. The Colosseum in Rome and the Statue of Liberty in New York are all proof of the extraordinary celebrated artwork human kind has been able to do throughout several years. Now, I want to discuss another celebrated work of art that was quite popular in the medieval period, Gothic architecture. During the medieval period Gothic architecture was considered to be luxurious because of its exaggerated height given to buildings. Not only did it give height, it also had plenty of other characteristics like the pointed arch, the vaulted ceiling, and of course, plenty of windows where light could pass right through....   [tags: social issues, cathedrals]
:: 3 Works Cited
1033 words
(3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Gothic Cathedrals Essay - Plan of Investigation The intent of this project is to evaluate how the Christian church changed in the Middle Ages. Talking in the grand scheme of history, the change in the Christian church to what is known as Gothic architecture was heavily influenced by Islamic architecture. Making elaborate churches in its own right, Gothic churches had a great deal to do with leading into the Renaissance as well. In this investigation, the project is going to be focused on the structure of Gothic cathedrals and analyzing the changes that were made in the transition to Gothic architecture, as well as touching upon how it lead into the Italian Renaissance....   [tags: architecture, history, the Church]
:: 5 Works Cited
1598 words
(4.6 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Cathedrals: Implied Glory and Importance to Christianity Essay - There is nothing, in any shape or form, implied about the glory of Cathedrals. These stone behemoths are simply glorious in size, design and aesthetic appeal all built into their design plan and plays an important role in the growth of faith in Christianity. But what is a Cathedral. In their very nature, they are holy places of worship for Christians. Unlike churches which are basic places of worship that are apt for most of the critical requirements of Christianity, Cathedrals are massive places of worship which act as the headquarters for the local diocese, or districts, of the certain sect of Christianity around it and are also where the Bishops resides....   [tags: Architecture]
:: 5 Works Cited
1667 words
(4.8 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
cathedrals Essay - cathedrals Throughout the centuries, beautiful Medieval cathedrals have been towering above every building and till this day, still survive with their astonishing appearance. Their structure resemble the power and glory of heavens. Today, they are known as "prayers in stone" because they are respected as holy places. Taking literally hundreds of years to build these great Gothic buildings, the skillful carpenters and masons responsible for the construction are respected for constructing these powerful buildings that tell us about the past (Macdonald 1)....   [tags: essays papers]
:: 4 Works Cited
901 words
(2.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Gothic and Romanesque Cathedrals Essay - Gothic and Romanesque Cathedrals The Romanesque style transformed into the Gothic style during the Middle Ages. This happened for many reasons. The Romanesque period was a time of trial and error while the Gothic period was a time of advancements in inventions. Religion was an important factor in the shift between Romanesque and Gothic. The locations of the two types of cathedrals also contributed toward the change between Romanesque and Gothic, as well as the power of the relics and the community to raise funds for the Gothic cathedrals....   [tags: Architecture History Essays]
:: 5 Works Cited
1286 words
(3.7 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Gothic Cathedrals Essay examples - Gothic Cathedrals For nearly four hundred years Gothic style dominated the architecture of Western Europe. It originated in northern France in the twelfth century, and spread rapidly across England and the Continent, invading the old Viking empire of Scandinavia. It confronted the Byzantine provinces of Central Europe and even made appearances in the near East and the Americas. Gothic architects designed town halls, royal palaces, courthouses, and hospitals. They fortified cities and castles to defend lands against invasion....   [tags: Europe European Architecture Essays]
:: 6 Works Cited
1187 words
(3.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Comparing the Sculptures and Different Structures of Cathedrals Essay - Comparing the Sculptures and Different Structures of Cathedrals The Cathedral was a symbol of authority and religious achievement to people of the Middle Ages. Both Romanesque and Gothic style cathedrals are monuments to the skill and creativity of medieval people. Upon entering a Romanesque or Gothic style cathedral, one would have noticed that the function of these houses of worship is very similar. They are each an urban religious center in which priests conducted masses. Upon further examination of the sculptures and the different structures that embody them, one would have found that they differ quite dramatically....   [tags: Papers] 457 words
(1.3 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
The Cathedral by Raymond Carver Essay - "Cathedral" is a short story ultimately about enlightment, finding something more meaningful and deeper with in one self. Although from an observing point of view nothing more in the story happens then a blind man assisting the narrator in drawing a cathedral. Although as known, the narrator's experience radically differs from what is actually "observed". He is enlightened and opened up to a new world of vision and imagination. This brief experience will have a life long effect on him. The reason for this strong and positive effect is not so much the relationship made between the blind man and the narrator or even the actual events leading up to this experience, but rather it is mostly due t...   [tags: Analysis Cathedral Raymond Carver] 996 words
(2.8 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Gothic Architecture Essay - Architecture has always been an integral part of the society and its culture. It not only defines the space of the community that it participates in but it also shapes the community’s place in history. Moreover, historians all over the world have found architecture playing a key role while they study the communities in time periods. Architecture helps the historian decipher the civilization's daily life and the values they hold. The historians are able to decipher as such by looking at the recurring structural feature and ornamental feature of certain buildings of certain time period....   [tags: Gothic Cathedrals]
:: 7 Works Cited
2244 words
(6.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Les Cathedrales Essay - Les Cathedrales Les Cathedrales are an important part of almost any society. They provide the communities in which they stand with an amazing sense of prosperity and pride. The term cathedral derives from the Latin word Cathedra, which means throne for the bishop. A cathedral is the bishops church, the administrative center of the dioceses and the spiritual center for the entire region. In le moyen age cathedrals also served as the focus of city life. The construction of these important cultural edifices was a long, tedious and extremely painstaking process....   [tags: Papers] 827 words
(2.4 pages)
Good Essays [preview]