Categorization of Biomass Material, Pollution Forming mechanism and Health Impacts in Developing Countries.

Categorization of Biomass Material, Pollution Forming mechanism and Health Impacts in Developing Countries.

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Introduction
Biomass energy is important renewable source of energy that is derived from either living or organisms that were in existence recently. This energy source is used in dual purposes; to be used directly with the process of combustion to produce heat or through indirect means after its conversion into different forms of biofuels. The focus of our project would be usage of Biomass energy through mainly combustion process in the developing world. In this region biomass is the primary source of domestic energy supplying approximately over 70% of the energy consumed (Ndiema, Mpendazoe and Williams, 1997). By stating developing countries we are trying to refer to nations that have comparatively lesser living standards and developing industrial base in comparison to other countries of the world (Arthur, Sullivan and Sheffrin, 2003). The author has tried to keep the regions of focus wide ranging from Villages in Kenya to the Pearl River Delta Region in China. The purpose of doing of looking at different socio-economical regions is to study the wide variety of pollutants that may emerge based on the type of Biomass used.
Biomass Products.
There is a wide range of materials that come under the category of Solid Biomass. Some of the materials are more generalized such as wood, straw, agricultural residues, processing waste, algae and seaweeds (Jones, Ma, Pourkashanian and Williams, 2011). However, it has been found that the type of materials used as Biomass varies significantly based on the region they are used. For example in forested region of South East Asia materials such as Bamboo , Oil Palm trunk , Acacia and Rubber wood was used (Aghamohammadi, Aroua and Sulaiman , 2011). In terms of what cannot be deemed as Biomass ther...


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Williams, A, J.M Jones, L Ma, and M Pourkashanian. "Pollutants from the combustion of solid biomass fuels." Progress in Energy and Combustion Science 38.2012 (2011): 113-137. ELSEVIER. Web. 27 Nov. 2013.
Zhan, Yisheng, Min Shao, Yun Lin, Shengji Luan, Ning Mao, Wentai Chen, and Ming Wang. "Emission Inventory of carbonaceous pollutants from biomass burning in the Pearl River Delta Region, China ." Atmospheric Environment N/A (2013): 190-199Atmospheric Environment. Atmospheric Environment. Web. 27 Nov. 2013.


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