Class differences are clearly at play during Montresor’s revenge against Fortunato with Fortunato being higher up on the social ladder. The first lines that really show a class difference come towards the bottom of page 179 when Montresor says he had gotten Amontillado and Fortunato replies, ““How?” said he. “Amontillado, A pipe? Impossible! And in the middle of the carnival"" "I have my doubts," I replied; "and I was silly enough to pay the full Amontillado price without consulting you in the matter. You were not to be found, and I was fearful of losing a bargain"” (pg. 179).This shows how Montresor knows he is lower down on the social scale. He is basically saying I am stupid and I bought this wine without thinking. Fortunato plays his part because he is flabbergasted that Montresor could have actually gotten a great wine like Amontillado. A few sentences later Montresor teases that he could bring the wine to someone else and says, “As you are engaged, I am on my way to Luchresi. If anyone has a critical turn it is he. He will tell me --” and Fortunato replies, “Luchresi cannot tell Amontillado from Sherr” (pg.180). Fortunato is so obsessed with being the top wine connoisseur, the man who is trusted to be an expert that at the whiff of someone else being trusted to this job which he views as important, maybe as something only someone who is rich enough to try so many wines that he puts down all that he is doing to go with Montresor to the wine. These are a couple of examples of how Poe uses wine to show the class differe...
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...long and obstinate silence. I laid the second tier, and the third, and the fourth; and then I heard the furious vibrations of the chain” (183). The final transfer of power comes from the fact that Fortunato is not drunk anymore. He understands what is happening to him. If Fortunato was drunk, then Montresor would never have the satisfaction of having Fortunato know that he was locked up and chained because Montresor fooled the him. It is at this point where Fortunato can not fight back, he can cry and shake the chains, but he has no power anymore. These are a few examples of how Poe uses wine and its effects to show a transfer of power from Fortunato to Montresor.
The Cask of the Amontillado is a very powerful short story by Edgar Allen Poe which uses wine and drunkenness to show the class and power differences between the two main characters Fortunato and Montresor.
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