One of the most respected psychologists, Edward Thorndike, defined psychology as, “the science of the intellects, characters and behavior of animals including man.” When critiquing literary works from a psychological perspective, the author’s life is linked with the behavior and motivations of the characters in the literary work being critiqued. In the short story, “The Cask of Amontillado”, the author is Edgar Allan Poe, who portrays himself and his state of mind within the story. Montresor is a reflection of Poe 's character in the sense that he experiences Poe 's misery and depression as well as the emotional detachment from his victim. His tragic life is by some means connected to his writings, in which he portrays himself through the curtain of the narrator of the story, Montresor. In the “Cask of Amontillado”, Montresor was upset towards a character named Fortunato because he felt “disrespected” by him for some reason and wanted to take revenge against Fortunato by burying him alive. Hence, this story is a true representation of Poe’s anguish and tormented nature (Poe 1).
Initially, the author revealed that Montresor walled up Fortunato under bricks and au fond buried him alive. To the character and the author, it seems that the ghastly nature of the murder and the immoral approach of treachery is merely an element of reality. On the other hand, it is also possible that Poe constantly battles with depression and tries to suppress it while all the mishaps in his life, such as his wife’s and brother’s death are going on. Perhaps, he wanted to alleviate his depression by literally burying it and did so by using a defense mechanism known as sublimation as a coping strategy in order to convert his own harmful wishes i...
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...ortunato growing up to convene Montresor at his social standing and social ranking.
“The Cask of Amontillado” by Edgar Allan Poe is a story of pure vengeance, but it is more than just one man looking for justice and fairness against another. It is a depiction of Poe’s own life experiences with the upper-class as well as a representation of the nobleness versus the progressively more important lower classes. Whenever a most important power commences, trailing influence, there are always repercussions and that is what Montresor symbolized through his act. In the end, Montresor characterizes the fading nobility in the world and how powerfully they would fight to prevent the lower class from social mobility; however, like the picture in the catacombs where Fortunato and Montresor change places, the lower classes will ultimately take the position of the nobility.
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