Cartesian Dualism vs Logical Behaviorism Essay

Cartesian Dualism vs Logical Behaviorism Essay

Length: 1489 words (4.3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Are minds physical things, or are they nonmaterial? If your beliefs and desires are caused by physical events outside of yourself, how can it be true that you act the way you do of your own free will? Are people genuinely moved by the welfare of others, or is all behavior, in reality, selfish? (Sober 203). These are questions relevant to philosophy of the mind and discussed through a variety of arguments. Two of the most important arguments with this discussion are Cartesian dualism and logical behaviorism, both of which argue the philosophy of the mind in two completely different ways. Robert Lane, a professor at the University of West Georgia, define the two as follows: Cartesian dualism is the theory that the mind and body are two totally different things, capable of existing separately, and logical behaviorism is the theory that our talk about beliefs, desires, and pains is not talk about ghostly or physical inner episodes, but instead about actual and potential patterns of behavior. Understanding of the two arguments is essential to interpret the decision making process; although dualism and behaviorism are prominent arguments for the philosophy of the mind, both have their strengths and weaknesses.
René Descartes was the 17th century, French philosopher responsible for many well-known philosophical arguments, such as Cartesian dualism. Briefly discussed previously, according to dualism, brains and the bodies are physical things; the mind, which is a nonphysical object, is distinct from both the brain and from all other body parts (Sober 204). Sober makes a point to note Descartes never denied that there are causal interactions between mental and physical aspects (such as medication healing ailments), and this recognition di...


... middle of paper ...


...ody_behav.pdf
Dorn, Melanie. “Substance Dualism vs. Brain Functionalism.” Atanystreetcorner. WordPress. 18
Jun. 2013. Web. 7 Nov. 2013.
James, C. Relating the Physical and Mental. Retrieved from Lecture Notes Online:
https://go.view.usg.edu/d2l/lms/content/viewer/view.d2l?tId=8540574&ou=448903
LaFave, Sandra. Logical Behaviorism. West Valley College, 05 Jun. 2008. Web. 7 Nov. 2013.
Lane, R. Cartesian Dualism or Logical Behaviorism. Retrieved from Lecture Notes Online:
https://go.view.usg.edu/d2l/lms/content/viewer/view.d2l?tId=8540616&ou=448903
Lewis, D. David Lewis: Mad Pain and Martian Pain. Retrieved from Lecture Notes Online:
http://web.ics.purdue.edu/~curd/110WK14.html
Sober, E. Core Questions in Philosophy. 6th ed. New Jersey: Pearson, 2013. Print
Southwell, Gareth. PhilosophyOnline - Philosophy of Mind: Behaviourism, Introduction. 2013.
Web. 7 Nov. 2013.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Cartesian Dualism, And Logical Behaviorism Essay

- The definition of Philosophy is the study of the fundamental nature of knowledge, reality, and existence, especially when considered as an academic discipline (Mifflin). It is a group of ideas, worked out by a philosopher. The most common topics or questions asked are, what is a mind. a body. What is reality. What is knowledge. How can we know everything. Philosophers believe that asking philosophical questions is useful because it brings wisdom. Coming from the Greek word Sophy, and love from Philo, (Wordnik)....   [tags: Mind, Philosophy of mind, Psychology, Philosophy]

Powerful Essays
1248 words (3.6 pages)

Cartesian Dualism, Substance Dualism And Property Dualism Essays

- The first three perspectives of philosophy of mind are of dualism. They are Cartesian dualism, substance dualism, and property dualism. Cartesian dualism is the view “That mind and body are completely independent of one another and interact causally,” (Vaughn 198). The major flaw of Cartesian dualism is that it is incompatible with science (Vaughn 206). It violates the causal closure of the physical, which affirms a physical cause for every physical effect and that nonphysical or mental causes are excessive (Vaughn 206-207)....   [tags: Mind, Philosophy of mind, Dualism, Consciousness]

Powerful Essays
722 words (2.1 pages)

Dualism On The Concept Of Self Essay

- Dualism on the Concept of Self A commonly discussed issue in philosophy is the problem of self. The concept of the self suggest that the self is a single unit, disconnected from other selves, and unique to each individual in terms of hopes, desires, beliefs, and so on (Rounder, 76). Searle introduces questions of the self through a series of examples, laying out a general question of how we may still identify with the same essence of self despite physical changes taking place within our bodies....   [tags: Philosophy of mind, Mind, Dualism, Brain]

Powerful Essays
1148 words (3.3 pages)

Essay on Cartesian Dualism and Gilbert Ryle

- Gilbert Ryle is well known in the philosophical world specifically as a behaviorist. According to Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy behaviorist are “followers in the ‘ordinary language’ tradition of analytic philosophy, while, for the most part, regarding behavioral scientific hopes as vain, hold views that are, in other respects, strongly behaviorists”(Hauser 1). In the middle of the twentieth century the ordinary language behaviorist movement was strongly covered by Ryle and Wittgenstein. These bright minds established a relationship; “In 1929 Ryle met Wittgenstein and struck up a friendship that profoundly altered the direction of Ryle’s Philosophical thinking”( Stroll 147)....   [tags: Cartesian Dualism, Mind-Body Problem]

Powerful Essays
1900 words (5.4 pages)

Cartesian Dualism and Gilbert Ryle Essay

- Over the years, many philosophers have tried to answer the elusive mind-body problem. There has been a wide range of approaches to comprehend this matter, but perhaps none as renowned as Cartesian dualism. This theory, proposed by René Descartes in the early seventeenth century, is still central to modern metaphysical discourse. His teachings through the Meditations have been both revered and scrutinized, and still have withstood many other’s attempts to disprove them. One of his biggest critics of the twentieth century was Gilbert Ryle....   [tags: Cartesian Dualism, Mind-Body Problem]

Powerful Essays
1569 words (4.5 pages)

Essay on Rene Descartes: Cartesian Dualism

- Descartian dualism is one of the most long lasting legacies of Rene Descartes’ philosophy. He argues that the mind and body operate as separate entities able to exist without one another. That is, the mind is a thinking, non-extended entity and the body is non-thinking and extended. His belief elicited a debate over the nature of the mind and body that has spanned centuries, a debate that is still vociferously argued today. In this essay, I will try and tackle Descartes claim and come to some conclusion as to whether Descartes is correct to say that the mind and body are distinct....   [tags: Cartesian Dualism, Mind-Body Problem]

Powerful Essays
1632 words (4.7 pages)

Analyzing Individuation and Identity In Descartes´ Philosophical View of the Mind-Body Dualism

- Every since Plato introduced the idea of dualism thousands of years ago meta-physicians have been faced with the mind-body problem. Even so Plato idea of dualism did not become a major issue of debate in the philosophical world until the seventeenth century when French philosopher Rene Descartes publicized his ideas concerning the mental and physical world. During this paper, I will analyze the issue of individuation and identity in Descartes’ philosophical view of the mind-body dualism. I will first start by explaining the structure of Cartesian dualism....   [tags: Rene Descartes, Plato, Cartesian dualism]

Powerful Essays
1098 words (3.1 pages)

Cartesian Dualism and the Union of Mind and Body Essay

- Cartesian Dualism and the Union of Mind and Body ABSTRACT: Cartesian dualism and the union of mind and body are often understood as conceptions that contradict each other. Diachronic interpretations maintain that Descartes was first a dualist (in the Meditations) and later on developed his stance on the union of mind and body (Passions). Some authors find here a problem without solution. Nevertheless, in the last two decades, some interpretations have been developed intending to give a positive solution to the difficult relation between Cartesian dualism and the union of mind and body....   [tags: Dualism Essays]

Powerful Essays
3105 words (8.9 pages)

Anne Conway’s Critique of Cartesian Dualism Essays

- Anne Conway’s Critique of Cartesian Dualism ABSTRACT: I describe and analyze Anne Conway’s critique of Cartesian dualism. After a brief biographical introduction to Conway, I sketch some of the influences on her philosophy. I then describe her non-Cartesian view of substance. According to Conway, there is only one substance in created reality. This substance contains both matter and spirit. A purely material or spiritual substance is, she argues, an impossibility. Next, I discuss several of Conway’s arguments against Cartesian dualism....   [tags: Dualism Essays]

Free Essays
3234 words (9.2 pages)

The Concept of Dualism Essay examples

- I believe that the popular or "ghost in the machine" form of substance dualism best solves the mind body problem. My views in this area have been influenced by my twelve years of Catholic education. The soul, or mind, depending on your level of belief, was a complete and separate entity and was the center of a human being. The body was an ambulatory device that the soul directed. The idea that the mind is a separate entity and that it is independent of the physical body is the central point of substance dualism....   [tags: Dualism Essays]

Powerful Essays
1005 words (2.9 pages)