Cartesian Dualism, And Logical Behaviorism Essay

Cartesian Dualism, And Logical Behaviorism Essay

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The definition of Philosophy is the study of the fundamental nature of knowledge, reality, and existence, especially when considered as an academic discipline (Mifflin). It is a group of ideas, worked out by a philosopher. The most common topics or questions asked are, what is a mind? a body? What is reality? What is knowledge? How can we know everything? Philosophers believe that asking philosophical questions is useful because it brings wisdom. Coming from the Greek word Sophy, and love from Philo, (Wordnik). It helps people learn about the world and each other. In this paper I will be covering topics on Cartesian dualism, and Logical behaviorism to display Gilbert Ryle’s theories. “To see one thing; to picture or visualize is another. A person can see things, only when his eyes are open, and when his surroundings are illuminated; but he can have pictures in his mind’s eye, when his eyes are shut and when the world is dark.” This remarkable quote is said by one of the most important contributors in the 20th century to Philosophy of Mind, Gilbert Ryle, with his book; The Concept of Mind (1949).
Gilbert Ryle argues against Decartes’ doctrine called "mind-body dualism." Which explains that he believes the nature of the mind is completely different from the body and therefore it is possible for one to exist without the other. Ryle goes against this because he believes that they are most definitely attached together and without one, the other does not exist, nor does it make you human. The doctrine, (also called as, Cartesian Dualism) Ryle mentions it contains, that (1) every person has both a body and a mind, (2) that they are ordinarily harnessed together and that (3) after the death of the body the mind may continue to exist and...


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... points about Gilbert Ryle’s theories he has made important accusations about theories that we never even thought about or considered. When we think of ourselves we don’t see the mind and the body separate but we were taught that your mind makes who you are, and causes your body to react in different ways or behave in different ways. If survival is the only end or purpose, then little is accounted for in the history of the human species. We as human beings seem compelled to ask the question "survival for what?" (Pecorino 2000). This is a great point because we ask questions about everything and as a human we are expected to get the answer or find the answer. We strive to gain knowledge I think it was important seeing Decartes’ different perspective on it because it gave us a sense of how other people see the world as, which I believe is a big component to Philosophy.

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