René Descartes theorized Cartesian dualism in his legendary works, Meditations II and VI. He argued that the mind and body were two fundamentally distinct substances capable of existing separately. In his view, the mind is an immaterial, indivisible thinking thing, while the body is a material, divisible thing extended in space (Week 3, Lecture 1, Slide 6). He hypothesized that the mind and body were completely separate, but interacted at the...
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...controlling his every move, while the puppet represents the vessel through which the puppeteer’s thought processes are carried out. As you say, the mind is but an aspect of the body. So, does the overt behaviour of the puppet indicate all there is to know about the mental processes of the puppeteer? Can all the activities of the mind be inferred by the puppet’s physical motions? The answer to this proposition is a resounding “no.” Thus, when you bandy about your trivial phrase “the Ghost in the Machine” in academic dialogue, remember how your own philosophy has been deduced to being known as “the Man behind the Puppet.”
Johnstone, M., Primmer, J. (2014). [Lecture]. The Mind-Body Problem. PHILOS 1E03, Problems of Philosophy. Hamilton, ON, Canada: McMaster University.
Ryle, G. (2013). Descartes' Myth. Problems of Philosophy: Custom Publishing , 29-35.
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