Carper 's Ways Of Knowing Essay

Carper 's Ways Of Knowing Essay

Length: 2169 words (6.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Carper’s (1978) pivotal work of identifying nursing’s ways of knowing was a seminal work that laid the foundation for further analysis. Her ways of knowing have identified methods that have allowed the nursing discipline to further its own knowledge as well as the profession. Two other ways of knowing have emerged, Munall’s (1993) “unknowing” pattern; and also sociopolitical knowing by Zander (2011, p. 9) or emancipatory pattern (Chinn & Kramer, 2011, p. 5). Here these patterns are discussed through experiences in my personal practice.
The first way of knowing identified by Carper (1978) is empirics. This is the most familiar to nurses and nursing students alike. This type of knowledge is gained through proving something correct or incorrect. A simple example of this type of knowledge gaining is when we are choosing and performing our own science fair experiments in grade school. We are performing the scientific method, testing a theory and reproducing predictable results. This empiric knowledge is heavily based on the data gained through other disciplines, most notably medicine. As Fawcett (2006) noted, nurses are taking on more medical care, which entails more knowledge of the life sciences. White (1995) seeks to challenge this way of knowing, instead looking at a way of collecting data through critical works that look at relationships of the data. In this view, the knowledge gained through the relationships of the variables is attained.
In my own nursing practice, I am constantly learning. One reasons I chose this profession is it allows me to continue to learn and change my work setting while still being able to advance in my profession. The most recent example of me and fellow nurses gaining empirical knowledge...


... middle of paper ...


...l knowing)? This form of knowing allows me to have a truly open mind about the situation and how it affects my patient, essentially rejecting and sometimes even questioning what I think I already know. Some knowledge is easier to clarify and place into practice, such as empiric knowledge, while other knowledge is much harder to attain, especially when it comes to ethical or sociopolitical concerns.
The patterns of knowing identified by Carper (1978) have been instrumental in furthering the knowledge of nursing, and labeling what that knowledge is. These patterns intertwine throughout the research, and continue to develop other patterns of knowing while contributing to nursing’s body of knowledge. Like Fawcett (2006) surmised, all patterns of knowing must be embraced and used for the better of the nursing discipline, but ultimately, for the better of our patients.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Nursing Elements in Barbara Carper´s Fundamental Patterns of Knowing in Nursing

- The essence of nursing knowledge as well as the elements that create a more sophisticated nursing practice are described by Barbara Carper in Fundamental Patterns of Knowing in Nursing. Carper derived four areas of knowing, empirics, esthetics, personal knowledge, and ethics; these areas complete the expertise that the nurse must draw on to appropriately care for any individual. Carper implicates that knowledge is not simply a regurgitation of fact, and introduces a broadened view of knowledge as being made up of different entities as well as ascertained in various ways....   [tags: Patient, Knowledge, Practice]

Better Essays
689 words (2 pages)

Essay on The Fundamental Patterns Of Knowing

- A Review of the Fundamental Patterns of Knowing in Nursing Nursing takes on a different form of learning that reflects several different aspects and abilities that encompass a wide range of skills and forms the ways of knowing in nursing. The article, “The Fundamental Patterns of Knowing in Nursing,” incorporates multiple theories associated with the learning patterns in nursing. It is a review of literature that helps identify and understand the knowledge practiced by nurses and to better understand the nursing profession....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Nursing, Knowledge]

Better Essays
879 words (2.5 pages)

John Berger's Ways of Knowing Essay example

- In his first essay of Ways of Seeing, John Berger claims that all power, authority, and meaning that was once held by an original work of art has been lost through the mass reproduction of these works that has occurred in recent years. He writes of an entirely bogus religiosity (116-117) that surrounds these art objects and that the meaning of the original work no longer lies in what it uniquely says but in what it uniquely is (117). He claims that because of reproduction, the art of the past no longer exists as it once did (127)....   [tags: Ways of Knowing Essays]

Better Essays
1536 words (4.4 pages)

Analysis Of Carper 's Patterns Of Knowing Essay

- As I reflect on my nursing career, I am reminded of the skills that have allowed me to develop what I know in nursing. In Barbara A. Carper’s “Patterns of Knowing,” there are four necessary components which connect to know the whole of nursing. These patterns include Empirics, Esthetics, Ethics and personal knowledge. Through Carpers theory, nurses are able to reflect on scenarios that “provide pathways to which the fullness of a situation can be known” (Johns, 1995, p. 227). First, I would like to reflect on a scenario of a five year old boy brought to the E.R by police for evaluation....   [tags: Child abuse, Physical abuse, Abuse]

Better Essays
1379 words (3.9 pages)

Knowledge And The Ways Of Knowing Essay

- Studying each area of knowledge without studying the ways of knowing could be considered meaningless, as each area of knowledge can be said to be intricately embedded with countless ways of knowing, all relating to each other in some respect. Thus, it is important to appreciate the ways of knowing that accompany each area of knowledge. Two areas of knowledge which have several associated ways of knowing are art and ethics. Though there are several ways of knowing associated with art as an area of knowledge, emotion, perception and language are the predominant ways of knowing in this area....   [tags: Ethics, Morality, Philosophy, Immanuel Kant]

Better Essays
1536 words (4.4 pages)

Three Ways that Parents Hurt Their Children Without Knowing It Essay

- (Discuss three ways that parents hurt their children without knowing it?) Parents we all have them or had them we all think and think about how we all feel about them and why we do. Some get along and some don’t whether it is your mom or your dad we all have our reasons. Do you ever think about why they say things to hurt you feelings. Why they are being mean to you. Or maybe why they treat the other kids better. I’m not saying that all parents do the same thing but this is what my parents do. And these are many reasons I feel like this about how they treat me different than any of the ten of us....   [tags: The Rocking Horse Winner]

Free Essays
633 words (1.8 pages)

Questions On Epistemological Beliefs And Knowledge And Understanding And There Are Two Ways Of Knowing

- Epistemological beliefs refer to knowledge and understanding and there are two ways of knowing, which are called separate knowing and connected knowing. Separate knowing is a critical thinking approach, whereas connected knowing is an approach where an individual attempts to understand ways in which other people think and use this technique to understand their point of view. This study will look at the effects of students’ personal epistemological beliefs, - along with separate knowing and connected knowing - and their approach to thinking and learning and whether or not the students’ attitudes can influence academic performance or not....   [tags: Epistemology, Knowledge, Learning]

Better Essays
1270 words (3.6 pages)

Ways for Teachesrs to Foster Autonomy in Students Essay

- We must acknowledge that different methods of teaching can result in different levels of empowerment in terms of students’ behaviors and outcomes. Recently, learner autonomy has been a major area of interest in foreign language learning. It must be recognized that autonomy is multidimensional and takes different forms in different learning contexts; however, generally speaking, research has shown that autonomous learning allows learners to make the best use of learning opportunities both inside and outside the classroom....   [tags: educational system, learning ways, teaching]

Better Essays
2668 words (7.6 pages)

Essay about Knowing

- The nature of Knowing consists of many different classifications that separate the researchers epistemological findings in order to better understand them. However, it is necessary that the definitions, and similarities and differences between these classifications be known for the purpose of not only classifying but also to better understand the implications of these findings. These categories of information, data, belief, faith, opinion, knowledge and wisdom must be defined and related in order to be utilized in a correct fashion....   [tags: Epistemology]

Better Essays
1379 words (3.9 pages)

True Lies in Brice’s Ways with Words Essay example

- True Lies in Brice’s Ways with Words    In Ways with Words by Shirley Brice Heath we read about the author’s ethnographic study in the South during desegregation. The purpose of Heath’s study is to examine the ways people from different communities in the textile region raise their children. The way the children are raised according to Heath, affects the language development and the way these children learn to read and write in the school setting. In my paper I want to examine the way the church relates to the cultural differences in Roadville and Trackton....   [tags: Ways with Words Essays]

Better Essays
1271 words (3.6 pages)