Carl Sandburg has been captivating reader’s attention since his first published poem in 1920’s(Baym 763). Sandburg understood the powerful use that literary devices play in literary works. He was known for using these devices to connect with readers, and implementing deeper themes into his works. He is one of the most famous poets for using these techniques. Nina Baym wrote that “Sandburg believed that the people themselves, rather than a cadre of intellectuals acting on behalf of the people, would ultimately shape their own destiny”(763). He shaped his literary work so people of all demographics could relate, and embedded different unique perspectives with literary device for people who took time to look for them. Carl Sandburg used the literary devices of personification, imagery, and metaphor in his poems Chicago, Grass, and Fog to captivate reader’s attention and convey the themes of his literary works.
Carl Sandburg in his poems Chicago, Fog, and Grass uses the literary device of personification to connect readers to an idea or object that he makes relatable by giving it human characteristics. For example, in Sandburg’s poem Chicago, the whole first stanza uses personification. He writes “Hog Butcher for the World, Tool Maker, Stacker of Wheat, Player with Railroads and the Nation’s Freight Handler; Stormy, husky, brawling, City of the Big Shoulders”(Sandburg 764). By using personification, Sandburg gives human characteristics to non-human things. He references “brawling” and “big shoulders” which are human characteristics that a city cannot have. Sandburg showed the diversity of the city, and people through his use of personification, and he “catalogs Chicago’s glories as...
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...s are able to draw comparisons from other circumstances in real life, and in turn it allows for an outlet of more advanced comprehension and thinking.
With the intention of connecting to readers and conveying important literary themes Carl Sandburg used the literary devices of personification, imagery, and metaphor. Through the use of personification, the themes were enhanced by giving specific main objects human attributes and qualities. Through the use of imagery, visual pictures were painted in reader’s minds through Sandburg’s literary works. With the use of metaphor Sandburg presented comparisons to other real world circumstance, and it turn perpetuated for a deeper meaning for his literary works. Through the use of literary devices Carl Sandburg uses tools and techniques of language to convey richness, clarity, meaning and purpose behind his literary works.
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