Carl Jung 's Theory Of Psychology And Culture Essay

Carl Jung 's Theory Of Psychology And Culture Essay

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Carl Jung was a Swiss psychiatrist and founder of the school of analytical psychology. He was an early supporter of Freud because of their shared interest in the unconscious. Carl Jung 's work left a notable impact on psychology since he proposed and developed the concepts of the archetypes. The term archetype is not one of his invention, but he used it in an elaborate way in his theories of psychology and culture, giving it his own specific meaning. Archetypes are images and thoughts which have universal meanings across cultures which may show up in dreams, literature, art or religion. They represent fundamental human motifs of our experience as we evolved; consequentially, they evoke deep emotions. Jung 's main archetypes are not types in the way that each person may be classified as one or the other. Rather, we each have all basic archetypes within us. Moreover, Carl Jung also believed that archetypes are models of people, behaviors or personalities. He suggested that these models are innate, universal and hereditary; they are unlearned and function to organize how we experience certain things.
The Self is an archetype that represents the unification of the unconsciousness and consciousness of an individual. The creation of the Self occurs through a process known as self-actualization, in which the various aspects of personality are integrated. The images of the God represents the Self, because for Jung, the Self is not just 'me ' but God. An encounter with the Self feels like a "religious experience" with God. In addition to being a symbol of God in the psyche, the Self could also be considered a symbol of what the religions call the "soul."
The Shadow is an archetype that consists of the sex and life instincts. This is the a...


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...tributed to by female members of his family, whilst women have a more complex, variable animus, perhaps made of several parts.

It is not possible to make a complete list of Jungian archetypes, since many of them are yet to be discovered. Nor is there room for a substantial list of archetypes recognized so far in Jungian theory. Jung himself never even suggested a listing. In addition, some archetypes can be seen as examples of more fundamental ones, or sorts of mixes of other archetypes. It is not a very orderly universe. The image of the father is an authority figure which represents rigor and power, sometimes inducing fears. In contrast, the image of the mother primarily represents nurturing and comforting. Furthermore, the image of the wise old man represents guidance, knowledge, and wisdom while the image of the trickster represents dishonesty, lie, and rascal.

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